Topic:Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
4)Getting affordable power to every Indian household needs sustained efforts. Comment in the light of achieving the feat of electrifying all Indian villages.(250 words)
Why this question
India achieved universal electrification when Leisang village in the Senapati district of Manipur, the last unelectrified village of India was electrified. However, there are several more challenges ahead that need to be overcome to provide meaningful electricity to all the Indian population. The question is related to GS-3 syllabus under the following heading-
Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
Key demand of the question
The question wants us to discuss why even after overcoming the gargantuan task of electrifying all villages in India, a lot more needs to be done in order to provide a meaningful access to electricity in India.
Comment- we have to delve deep into the issue and make our opinion on the need of sustained efforts in order to provide access to affordable power to every Indian household. We have to support our opinion with the help of valid and proper arguments/ facts/ examples.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- mention the universal electrification feat and Lesiang village in Manipur, the last Indian unelectrified village which was recently electrified.
Body- discuss in points, why there is a lot more to be done in order to provide affordable continuous power to every Indian household. e.g
- Discuss the flaws in the very definition of electrification and how it is not inclusive and does not capture the whole picture.
- Inter-regional disparities in power availability and consumption.
- Rural- urban disparity in power consumption.
- Problems in relying on renewable sources only.
- Anticipated increase in demand of electricity in future etc.
Conclusion- provide a concise conclusion in 2-3 lines, on what should be the way forward e.g hybrid projects, cheaper renewables etc.