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PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018: Baer’s pochard and Caribbean Community (CARICOM)


PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018

Baer’s pochard and Caribbean Community (CARICOM)


Baer’s pochard 


  1. Critically endangered — IUCN
  2. Diving duck found in eastern Asia
  3. The name commemorates the Estonian naturalist Karl Ernst von Baer
  4. Habitat
  • It breeds around lakes and other freshwater habitats (including artificial habitats such as fishponds) with rich aquatic vegetation, typically but not exclusively in dense grass or flooded tussock/shrubby meadows
  • It breeds in southeast Russia and northeast China, migrating in winter to southern China, Vietnam, Japan, and India
  1. Threats
  • Habitat loss and degradation
  • Unsustainable harvesting
  • Trapping of birds
  • Poisoning of birds
  • Collection of eggs
  • Low water levels or complete drying up of water bodies
  • Development for tourism and recreational watersports pose a threat to the species’s habitat
  1. Conservation
  • Appendix I of CITES
  • A Single Species Action Plan was adopted by the East Asian – Australasian Flyway Partnership (EAAFP)

Caribbean Community (CARICOM)


  1. It’s common market area of Carribean countries
  2. Established – 1973 under Treaty of Chaguaramas
  3. secretariat headquarters — Georgetown, Guyana
  4. CARICOM is an official United Nations Observer
  5. objective
  • promote economic integration and cooperation among its members
  • ensure that the benefits of integration are equitably shared
  • coordinate foreign policy
  1. Members — 15 members

Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname and Trinidad & Tobago

  1. CARICOM Secretariat — principal administrative organ of the Community and is headed by a Secretary General who is the Chief Executive Officer of the Community