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7) What do you understand by Small-scale sewage treatment plants. Discuss their advantages and disadvantages.(250 words).

TOPIC: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact
assessment.

7) What do you understand by Small-scale sewage treatment plants. Discuss their advantages and disadvantages.(250 words).

Reference

Reference

 

why this question

A study has recommended that small-scale sewage treatment plants (SSTPs) should be recognized as a viable alternative in India to treat and safely dispose domestic sewage.The study recommends that the Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs should develop technical specifications for small-scale sanitation so that funds can be channeled from the national level down to urban local bodies for it. The question is related to gs

key demand of the question.

The question simply wants is to give a description of small-scale sewage treatment plant (SSTP) and discuss its advantages and disadvantages.

Structure of the answer

Introduction-  introduce your answer by giving a brief description of SSTP.

Body-

Divide the body into three main parts.

In one part, discuss the advantages of SSTPS. For example low cost, low space requirements, low maintenance etc.

In the other part, discuss the disadvantages of SSTPs. E.g high pathogen quality, need of skilled labour etc.

Conclusion- briefly discuss its suitability in India and how it can be popularized here (if so is warranted, as per your opinion).