Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment, Disaster and disaster management
6)Climate change will aggravate pre-existing socio-economic vulnerabilities and risks. Critically examine, in the context of India.(250 words).
why this question
Climate change, poverty and women related issues all are important as far as UPSC exam is concerned. All of them are interlinked and demand immediate attention. The question is related to GS-3 syllabus under the following heading- Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment, Disaster and disaster management and also to GS-2 syllabus- Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
key demand of the question.
The question wants us to discuss how climate change will impact the existing socioeconomic vulnerabilities. We have to bring out the relationship between climate change and socioeconomically vulnerable sections of people like the poor and the women in India.
Critically examine- we have to put forth explanations for why climate change will widen the socioeconomic vulnerabilities especially in the Indian context. We also have to form a personal opinion on the issue
structure of the answer
Introduction- briefly mention the precarious socioeconomic vulnerabilities- poverty, women’s status, caste system etc.
- Discuss the geographical features and other factors like development needs which make India highly susceptible to climate change effects.
- Discuss the links between climate change susceptibility of socioeconomically vulnerable sections of India and how they will be impacted more.
Conclusion- put forth suggestions like gender and environmentally sensitive policy making, mobilisation of public support, provisioning of basic services and infrastructure; and the enhancement of basic capabilities, including appropriate knowledge and technology etc.