Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
6) Morality is the basis of things and truth is the substance of all morality. Comment.(250 words)
Why this question
In ethics paper UPSC usually asks questions in which the candidate has to comment on a specific quote. The question is related to GS-4 syllabus under the following heading- Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
Key demand of the question
The question wants us to explain the meaning of the above quote ,as interpreted by us. We have to answer both the parts of the question viz. how is morality the basis of things and how truth is the substance of all morality.
Comment- we have to present our personal opinion and interpretation, of the given quote.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– introduce your answer by briefly defining morality.
Body- divide the body into two main parts.
In one part, discuss why/ how morality is the basis of things. E.g man is a social animal and without morality no cooperation would be possible rendering humans as wild and uncivilized as any other animal etc. Give examples from everyday life to support your answer.
In the other part, discuss how truth is the basis of morality. E.g not being true in any sense/ any situation is a sign of weak morals of a person, no morality can be based on lies (briefly discuss why), etc. Give examples to support your answer; eg. A person who lies to help someone is not moral and so on.
Conclusion– present a balanced, fair and concise conclusion based on the above discussion.