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PRELIMS BOOSTER – 2018: Himalayan monal (Impeyan monal, Impeyan pheasant) and Mekong-Ganga Cooperation (MGC)


Himalayan monal (Impeyan monal, Impeyan pheasant) and Mekong-Ganga Cooperation (MGC)

Himalayan monal (Impeyan monal, Impeyan pheasant)

  1. Least Concern (LC) — IUCN.
  2. state bird of Uttarakhand
  3. Local name – danphe, monal
  4. National bird of Nepal, where it is known as the,
  5. Traditionally classified as monophyletic
  6. Himalayan monal have a shrill whistle, sometimes described as curlew-like
  7. Schedule – I of wildlife (Protection) act, 1972Habitat
  • prefer open, coniferous or mixed forests resplendent with rhododendron and bamboo. Himalayan monal is a high-altitude bird, remaining between 2000 and 4500 meters above sea level.
  • Range — India, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, Tibet, and Bhutan, Burma
  • India — Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh
  1. Threat
  • human disturbance involving hydroelectric power development
  • poaching, as the crest is valuable. crest feather was used to decorate men’s hats. It is thought to bring status to its wearer and is a symbol of authority



Mekong-Ganga Cooperation (MGC)

  1. launched in 2000
  2. Headquarter — Vientiane, Lao PDR
  3. Members six countries – India and five ASEAN countries, namely, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam
  4. It promotes cooperation in
  • tourism
  • culture
  • education
  • transport and communications
  1. Both the Ganga and the Mekong are civilizational rivers, and the MGC initiative aims to facilitate closer contacts among the people inhabiting these two major river basins
  2. The MGC is also indicative of the cultural and commercial linkages among the member countries of the MGC down the centuries.