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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 27 April 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 27 April 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests

 


General Studies – 1


 

 

TopicSalient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Effects of globalization on Indian society Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

1)Riots in India  disturb the very essence of its democracy and politics.  Critically comment, in the light of major causes of riots in our country.(250 words)

The Hindu

The Hindu

 

 

Why this question

Riots remain a perennial, occasional problem in India. There have been a number of riots in our country, which have resulted into numerous loss of life and property. In recent times, the nature if these riots has changed. The issue is related to GS- 1 syllabus under the following heading-

 

Key demand of the question

The question wants to know our personal opinion on whether riots disturb democracy and politics and how they are linked. We have to justify our opinion by analyzing the causes of riots in India.

 

Directive word

Critically comment- we have to form a personal opinion on the issue and we have to justify our stand by looking deeper into some of the major causes of riots and see how they affect democracy and politics in our country.

 

Structure of the answer

Introduction- quote some relevant figures like major riots and loss of life and property thereof.

Body- divide the body into two main parts. In one part discuss briefly, how riots impact society at large.

In the other part, discuss how causes of  riots are linked with politics. e.g riots increase during election times, role of politicians at various levels in the start and spread of riots, response of police and their political subservience and limited capacity etc.

In the other part, discuss how riots impact democracy. E.g riots increase during election times ( democracy subverted by a democratic process), justice delivery affected, important issues take a back-seat etc.

Conclusion- give a fair, unbiased opinion as extracted out of the above discussion and give some suggestions to prevent riots.

 

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic – Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

2)Section 69A of IT Act requires reforms to protect freedom of expression. Discuss.(250 words)

Indian express

 

Why this question

Off late internet regulations have been under much discussion due to issues generated by privacy, govt blocking USP etc. This brings the focus on IT Act and the refinement required in the act to ensure freedom of expression tempered by genuine needs of protecting sovereignty, unity etc

 

Key demand of the question

The focus of the question is on analysing the need, propriety, reforms required in IT Act. We have to explain how section 69A of IT Act is related to freedom of expression, the court judgements in this regard, and the reforms required.

 

Directive word

Discuss – We have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. We have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

 

Structure of the answer

Introduction – explain section 69A of IT Act

 

Body

  • Explain how the provision is related to freedom of expression
  • Mention that India tops the list of countries putting up request for blocking URLs
  • Debate should bring out both pros and cons of 69A. Shreya Singhal judgment has to be discussed
  • Reforms have to be mentioned  – best practices of various countries etc

 

Conclusion – mention the importance of securing freedom of expression over the internet in information age and the need to bring detailed guidelines and amendments in law to ensure protection of this fundamental human right.


TOPIC: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure

3)The new Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Committee has recommended lowering India’s public debt to 60% of GDP by FY25 (from about 70% now); this can only be achieved if India’s states also keep their deficits in check. Examine.(250 words)

Financial express

Why this question

The ToR of 15th FC has brought back the focus on distribution of revenues between centre and states and state finances. Economic survey last year had also analysed this topic in detail. With global debt increasing world over, it is important to examine whether the states need to tighten their spending to comply with the requirements of FRBM

 

Key demand of the question

We have to explain the recommendation of NK Singh committee, the rationale behind it, how and why is it important for the states to comply with the recommendations, what’s hampering the states from complying with it, what measures centre has taken to ensure that states are able to complying with the debt limits and what else needs to be done for the same.

 

Directive word

Examine – We have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any. The various aspects which has to be mentioned is highlighted in the section above.

 

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain FRBM Act and the recommendation of NK Singh committee

 

Body

  • Status quo – how effectively are states complying  with the requirement
  • Why is it important for states to comply – mention the implications of not complying
  • Roadblocks in the way of states from achieving target – development expenditure, pay commission fulfillment etc
  • Steps that centre has taken to ensure states comply
  • What more can be done to make states comply with the FRBM requirement. Here you can take inputs from 2016-17 economic survey.

 

Conclusion – mention that keeping debt levels in check is critical for the economy and highlight the sensitivity of the issue.


TOPIC: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities
of various Constitutional Bodies.

4)Examine Indian response to the appointment of Simon commission. Also, discuss the impacts of Simon Commission.(250 words)

Key demand of the question

In the first part of the question, we have to examine indian response of various political factions to appointment of Simon commission and the reasons behind it. In the second part, we have to discuss the impact that Simon commission had. Impact has to be analysed from multiple perspectives ranging from impact on constitutional scheme , on the freedom movement etc

 

Directive word

Examine – mention the response and probe deeper examining the reasons behind response and the impact of the response.

 

Discuss – Mention the impact and the pros and cons of the impact

 

Structure of the answer

Introduction – explain the context in which Simon Commission was appointed and details of the Simon Commission.

 

Body

  • Mention the response of Congress, Muslim league, unionists etc
  • Also discuss the reasons why they responded the way they did.
  • Discuss the impact that Simon commission had on polity, on federal structure, on the national movement and any other impact you feel it had

 

Conlusion – Summarise your answer which should highlight how critical a role the commission played.

 


Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or
affecting India’s interests

5)Although the historic meet between North Korea and South Korea is full of optimism, nuclear disarmament in the present geopolitical scenario remains a distant dream. Critically analyse.(250 words)

The Hindu

Why this question

After over a decade, North and South Korea have decided to have a bilateral meeting scheduled on 27th April 2018. There are prospects for a historically first-such meting between North Korea and US. This has generated huge optimism around nuclear disarmament. However, there are many interlinked issues which decrease the positivity attached with these meetings. The issue is related to GS- syllabus under the following heading-

 

Key demand of the question

The questions wants us to evaluate the historic N Korea and S Korea meet and the discuss the scope of nuclear disarmament in the near future on behalf of any arrangement/ agreement borne out of such a meet. We have to look into all the related issues linked with nuclear disarmament and then come to a conclusion.

Directive word

Critically analyse- we have to identify all the issues related to nuclear disarmament in the present world order and discuss the scope of the inter Korean meet in achieving the anticipated objective of nuclear disarmament. We have to form our personal opinion on the given issue based on our examination.

Structure of the answer

introduce your answer by mentioning about the N. Korea and S. Korea meet and proposed meet between N Korea and US and mention the hopes associated with these meets.

Body- Divide the answer into two main parts.

In one part, discuss the scope of the inter Korean meet in achieving the objective of nuclear disarmament. Discuss why N Korea would be reluctant for nuclear disarmament.

In the other body, discuss the other associated issues and how they will impact disarmament.

e.g US-Iran nuclear deal, weapons modernization programs of various countries like US, Russia, deteriorating relations between nuclear powers etc.

Conclusion-  form a concise and balanced opinion on the issue and present it as the conclusion.

 


 

General Studies – 3


 

TopicIndian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

6)In order for business to truly serve the society, it is necessary to consider social costs associated with their decision-making. Examine.(250 words)

The Hindu

 

Why this question

In recent times, companies like facebook, google etc have generated a host of controversies around their functioning and ethics. Their claims of serving the society are negated by the social cost of their business decisions. The issue is important for UPSC mains exam. It is related to GS-3 syllabus under the following heading.

 

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to give reasons why considering social costs is important for business decisions. We have to justify the given statement here.

 

Directive word

Examine- we have to probe deeper into the question and find reasons/ arguments/ facts which support the given statement.

 

Structure of the answer

Introduction- introduce your answer by briefly discussing how modern businesses and companies are closely linked to our life, in various forms. E.g social media, online shopping, web search, taxi aggregators etc.

 

Body- discuss in points, why businesses should include social costs in their decision making. We have to explain the negative consequences on the of not doing so. Give as much as examples as possible to highlight the different aspects of the problem.

E.g)

  1. facebook and google for data privacy- here discuss why companies should protect data privacy and insulate its misuse by commercial operations.
  2. uber for taxi driver’s losses- here discuss how such aggregators are hurting local employment, and misusing their large capital base to disturb the competition.
  3. Google for project Maven- here discuss that a company linked to such intricate functions in everyday life of a modern citizen should not build artificial intelligence for warfare. Also discuss scope of misuse of user data for  such AI war- machines.

You can give more examples also.

Conclusion- present your conclusion in the form of suggestions for how social costs could be involved in business decision-making ( e.g better regulation, open disclosure norms, citizen driven efforts to mobilize and form public opinion etc).

 


 


NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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