TOPIC: Devolution of power and finances upto local levels and challenges therein
3)“No panchayati Raj is better than bad panchayati raj”. On the occasion of silver Jubilee year of panchayati Raj, discuss we have true democratic decentralization.(250 words)
Why this question
73rd and 74th constitutional amendment have often been asked in the exam. Moreover, the silver Jubilee year gives us an opportunity to reflect on the performance of LBs and suggest changes if required.
Key demand of the question
The question makes an assertion that it is better to have no panchayati Raj as compared to bad panchayati Raj because of the faith of people in democratic decentralization will weaken. Hence we have to assess the performance of the Act, shortcomingd and suggest way forward.
Discuss – have to provide all the pictures of panchayati Raj – advantages, disadvantages, what more could be done, reports of various committees etc.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – mention in brief about the two constitutional amendments.
- Highlight the negatives of the act
- Not real empowerment
- Lack of devolution
- Poor finances
- Highlight positives
- Women reservation etc
- Mention how can we improve local governments – suggest reforms suggested by various committees etc
Conclusion – summarise your answer while highlighting the need for democratic decentralization in India