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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 25 April 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 25 April 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

1)The government’s plan to roll out an extensive social security plan for workers might prove to be a white elephant. Examine.(250 words)

Financial Express

Why this question

Labour reforms have been a lot in news since the past 3-4 years. In this context, the potential carrot of the government in the form of this plan, as a precurson to the stick in form of Labour reforms needs to be analyzed.

Key demand of the question

The question asks us to analyze whether it is a sound decision from various perspectives to invest so much in providing free healthcare from all workers, at a time when labour productivity is poor, priorities are many and similar programs exist. This central query has to be examined from different perspective

Directive word

Examine – We have to examine the issue from different perspectives, elucidating the pros and cons of such a measure and analyzing whether this is the most efficient step that could have been taken. Some suggestions at the end are also welcome

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain the scheme and the debates of the issue

Body

  • Examine the benefit for having such a move. In this the focus should be on justifying the money, resources etc spent on providing healthcare for all workers.
  • Examine why this scheme does not make sense – the question of labour productivity, economy of the scheme etc
  • Examine whether this is the most efficient way of providing social security when other such schemes exist
  • Suggest some alternatives

 

Conclusion – Summarize the arguments presented above and mention the need for bringing in labour reforms to enhance the stake of each stakeholder such that benefits can be provided.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2) Death penalty for cases of child rape is unwarranted, especially for a country like India. Discuss, in the light of the Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, 2018(250 words)

Indian Express

The Hindu

 

Why this question

Recently the Union cabinet approved death penalty for cases of rape in which the victim is below certain age. However, earlier legislations, with similar aims and philosophy as the present bill, could not serve the purpose. The question is related to GS 2 syllabus- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to write in detail about the Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, 2018; what are its salient provisions and why death penalty as enunciated by the ordinance is unwarranted.

Directive word

Discuss- we have to dig deeper into the issue involved here and write in length about the salient provisions of Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, 2018. We have to discuss those provisions vis a vis death penalty recommendation and then justify why this is unwarranted in India. We have to justify by citing the reasons/ conditions in India.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- in the introduction what are the provisions/ laws/ mechanisms dealing with cases of child rapes. E.g The POCSO act and the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 (CLAA).  

 

Body- divide the body into 2 parts.

In one part, briefly enlist the salient provisions of  Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, 2018.

In the other part, discuss why the similar philosophy shared with earlier legislations is ill-conceived. E.g victim will likely be killed by the accused to save his life (LIFE VS LIFE). Infrastructure and manpower issues, no research backing, issues of age determination of victim  etc.

Conclusion- briefly mention the knee jerk nature of response towards sexual crimes and briefly mention in 1-2 lines measures needed to tackle the situation (e.g sex education at all levels, aggressive advertisement campaigns to increase awareness and stimulate conversations about gender bias, everyday sexism, misogyny, stereotypes etc.).


TOPIC: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

3)Despite the historical hesitations, a rejuvenated Commonwealth would lend greater depth to India’s global outreach. Analyze(250 words)

Indian Express

Reference

Why this question

Our PM’s recent visit to UK and the shifting sands of global power equations, any potential grouping which would help India hedge itself in the geopolitical flux becomes important. India has a long association with Commonwealth and the platform’s utility for India could increase in the coming days. Hence this question becomes important.

 

Key demand of the question

The keywords here are historical hesitation and enable India to enahnce its global outreach. These keywords have to be analyzed. We have to analyze the reasons behind historical hesitations and whether the advantages of closer alignment with Commonwealth can help India attain the goals of its foreign policy. We also have to point out the precautions that India should take to ensure that this association proves beneficial for India.

 

Directive word

Analyze – Here we  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. We have to examine each part of the question – reasons for hesistation, whether those concerns have been alleviated, the significance of Commonwealth for India and the precautions that India should take.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Begin with talking about the Commonwealth and mention India’s history with Commonwealth in brief. Also highlight PM’s visit which has brought this issue in focus.

Body

  • reasons for hesistation
    • Mention the macro picture for why India’s relations with Commonwealth could not blossom
  • Thereafter analyze the reasons why Commonwealth has again come to the notice of the mandarins of MEA.
    • Here highlight teh potential benefits that India might accrue out of this association. Divide it into heads like economic, strategic etc
  • Point out the precautions that India must take. Here also explain why India’s hesitations are no longer valid.

COnclusion – Summarize the points mentioned above which should give a fair indication of stance on India’s greater association with Commonwealth


 

General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact
assessment.

4) Fracking might make us less dependent on conventional fossil fuels, but it does so at a huge cost. Discuss in the context of whether it is justified for India to start fracking.(250 words)

 

Why this question

Our energy dependency makes us look for alternative sources of energy. Some of them however have several adverse impacts on the environment. It is necessary to thus understand the pros and cons before we decide to go ahead with fracking.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to underline the pros and cons of fracking, whether the adverse environmental impact can be mitigated and whether it makes sense for India to go ahead with fracking like US has, due to the unique issues that India faces

Directive word

Discuss – We have to discuss all the major points related to fracking – pros, cons, any risk mitigating steps required, the impact on agriculture and other communities due to fracking in India.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain fracking and the shale revolution

Body

  • Discuss the process of fracking which would help us get an idea of what all can go wrong
  • Explain the necessity of shale oil/gas revolution and the benefits of fracking
  • Discuss the impact that fracking can cause on environment, ground water etc
  • Present your view on whether fracking should be continued or whether we should explore renewable sources more

 

Conclusion  – Present your views on how we can ensure that we use resources such as shale oil and the need to adopt a less utilitarian view point and assess the impact before going ahead.


Topic:Linkages between development and spread of extremism; Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

5)Repealing AFSPA is a pre-requisite for establishing long term peace in  violence hit Jammu and Kashmir. Comment.(250 words)

The Hindu

The Hindu

Why this question

Recently the Centre has recently repealed the AFSPA from  Meghalaya from April 1, 2018, the Centre revoked the act from Meghalaya where it was effective in a 20 km area along the Assam-Meghalaya border. In Arunachal Pradesh, the impact of AFSPA was reduced to half the number of police stations. Th same principle can also be applied to the violence torn J and K state. The question is related to GS 3 syllabus-   Linkages between development and spread of extremism; Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

Key demand of the question

The questions wants us to analyze AFSPA in depth and; discuss the necessity of the act in disturbed areas like Kashmir, and also whether it can be repealed in case of J and K also.

Directive word

Comment- we have to form a personal opinion on the key issue, whether or not AFSPA should be repealed from J and K. If yes, then under what conditions/ form.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- mention the places where AFSPA has been recently revoked from and remaining places where it is still in place.

Body- divide the body into 2 main parts.

In one part, discuss why there is need for AFSPA in Kashmir. E.g terrorism and support from society, potential abuse of revocation, to further the separatists’ and foreign interests,  effect on forces’ morale and capability to handle terrorism etc.

In the other part , discuss whether the act can be revoked and if yes in what form ( e.g phased repeal, repeal/ amendment of already existing provisions particularly those related to the sexual offenses, setting up dedicated trial courts/ tribunals to hear cases associated with  serious AFSPA violations and inclusion of civil society and political members in such courts/ tribunals etc.)

Conclusion- give a brief conclusion on the above issue as per the above discussion.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions

6)What do you understand by“Digital library of life”. Discuss the significance and  ethical issues involved in the project.(250 words)

The Hindu

Reference

Why this question

“Digital library of life” is a research project than aims to create digital copies of the genetic code of all the eukaryotes. The project promises to open new vistas of understanding our nature. However, there are certain ethical issues involved in the project. The question is related to GS-4 syllabus- Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to first write about the Digital library of life, what is its significance and then discuss in length about the ethical issues involved in the project.

Directive word

Discuss- we have to write in detail about both the aspects of the question viz. Digital library of life and ethical issues involved therein.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- introduce your answer by describing the meaning of the term, Digital library of life.

Body- divide the body into 2 main parts.

In one part, discuss in points about the significance of the project for the world ( e.g role in understanding nature, evolution etc) and also mention special significance for India ( experience sharing and contribution like in LIGO, capacity building etc. ).

In the other part, describe in points issues involve in such a project. E.g manipulation of nature issue, harming environment, boost to human genome editing etc)

Conclusion- give a fair, balanced and concise conclusion, in 1-2 lines, along with a few suggestions over the issue.

 


 

NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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