Topic:Linkages between development and spread of extremism; Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
5)Repealing AFSPA is a pre-requisite for establishing long term peace in violence hit Jammu and Kashmir. Comment.(250 words)
Why this question
Recently the Centre has recently repealed the AFSPA from Meghalaya from April 1, 2018, the Centre revoked the act from Meghalaya where it was effective in a 20 km area along the Assam-Meghalaya border. In Arunachal Pradesh, the impact of AFSPA was reduced to half the number of police stations. Th same principle can also be applied to the violence torn J and K state. The question is related to GS 3 syllabus- Linkages between development and spread of extremism; Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
Key demand of the question
The questions wants us to analyze AFSPA in depth and; discuss the necessity of the act in disturbed areas like Kashmir, and also whether it can be repealed in case of J and K also.
Comment- we have to form a personal opinion on the key issue, whether or not AFSPA should be repealed from J and K. If yes, then under what conditions/ form.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- mention the places where AFSPA has been recently revoked from and remaining places where it is still in place.
Body- divide the body into 2 main parts.
In one part, discuss why there is need for AFSPA in Kashmir. E.g terrorism and support from society, potential abuse of revocation, to further the separatists’ and foreign interests, effect on forces’ morale and capability to handle terrorism etc.
In the other part , discuss whether the act can be revoked and if yes in what form ( e.g phased repeal, repeal/ amendment of already existing provisions particularly those related to the sexual offenses, setting up dedicated trial courts/ tribunals to hear cases associated with serious AFSPA violations and inclusion of civil society and political members in such courts/ tribunals etc.)
Conclusion- give a brief conclusion on the above issue as per the above discussion.