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PRELIMS BOOSTERS 2018: Indian paradise flycatcher and International Whaling Commission (IWC)


PRELIMS BOOSTERS 2018

Indian paradise flycatcher and International Whaling Commission (IWC)


Indian paradise flycatcher 


  1. Least Concern — IUCN Red List (As the global population is considered stable)
  2. State animal of Madhya Pradesh
  3. passerine bird 
  4. native to the Indian subcontinent, Central Asia and Myanmar
  5. Males have elongated central tail feathers
  6. Insectivorous — feed on insects
  7. Local Name – Dudhraj or shah bulbul
  8. Other subspecies 
  • Himalayan paradise flycatcher
  • Ceylon paradise flycatcher
  1. Habitat
  • They prefer thick forests and well-wooded habitats. They also found in forest, gardens, shady groves light deciduous jungle, and bamboo ravines
  • found in India, Sri Lanka, and Turkestan to Manchuria and west to the Malay Archipelago where they inhabit the islands of Sumba and Alor
  • spend the winter season in tropical Asia.
  1. Schedule – IV bird, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972. 

International Whaling Commission (IWC)


  1. international body set up under International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (ICRW)
  2. headquarters —  Impington, near Cambridge, Englan
  3. International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (ICRW)

governs the commercial, scientific, and aboriginal subsistence whaling practices of fifty-nine member nations

signed in Washington, D.C., United States, in 1946

  1. objective
  • provide for the proper conservation of whale stocks
  • orderly development of the whaling industry
  1. 1982 — moratorium on commercial whaling
  2. Whale sanctuaries

1994 — Southern Ocean Whale Sanctuary — surrounding the continent of Antarctica.

Indian Ocean Whale Sanctuary

  1. Membership — 87 members
  • open to any country in the world that formally adheres to the 1946 Convention.
  • Each member country is known as a Contracting Government and represented by a Commissioner, who is assisted by experts and advisers.
  • India – joined in 1981

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