TOPIC: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary
Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal
associations and their role in the Polity.
5) Criminal justice system cannot function without a healthy police and investigative agency. Analyze the statement in light of pending police reforms in India?(250 words)
Why this question
Whenever any case of police inefficiency comes up, the question of police reforms always pops up. More than a decade after SC’s judgment in Prakash Singh case, not much has happened on ground when it comes to police reforms. Police reforms is one of the most important part of governance reforms, and thus needs to be prepared.
Key demand of the question
The question mentions that criminal justice system can not function effectively without police reforms. We have to explain then, that in the absence of police reforms justice is delayed and denied. We also have to bring out what needs to be done to correct the situation
Analyze – We have to examine different aspects of police reforms and how its presence (or absence) hampers the functioning of criminal justice system.
STructure of the answer
Introduction – In the introduction, mention about the laws governing police are archaic and not in tune with the times. Also explain what constitutes criminal justice system.
Body – First present a status quo of the criminal justice system – use data and incidents. Then, highlight how it is or is not related to the lack of reforms. Mention about the reforms which are to be brought in and discuss the impacts that it will have. Quote from SC judgment, 2nd ARC etc
Conclusion – Highlight that lots of time has passed and police reforms are the need of the hour to begin reforming the criminal justice system