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PRELIMS BOOSTERS – 2018:Clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) and World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)






Clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) and World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)


Clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa)

  1. Vulnerable– IUCN Red Listclouded leopard.
  2. state animal of Meghalaya
  3. CITES Appendix I animal
  4. Named after the distinctive ‘clouds’ on its coat – ellipses partially edged in black, with the insides a darker colour than the background colour of the pelt.


  1. Habitat
  • Tropical evergreen rainforests but can also be found in dry tropical forests and mangrove swamps. It has been found at relatively high altitudes in the Himalayas
  • Range : Himalayan foothills through mainland Southeast Asia into China
  • India : Assam, northern West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, and Tripura

clouded leopard

  1. Threats
  • Hunted for the illegal wildlife trade
  • Trade in bones for medicines, meat for exotic dishes and live animals for the pet trade 
  • Habitat fragmentation and degradation
  • Human-leopard conflict



World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)

  1. It is an international non-governmental organization
  2. Founded in 1961
  3. Headquarter — Gland (Switzerland).
  4. Aim : wilderness preservation & the reduction of human impact on the environment
  5. Formerly name — World Wildlife Fund
  6. world’s largest conservation organization
  7. objectives
  • Conserving the world’s biological diversity
  • Ensuring that the use of renewable natural resources is sustainable
  • Promoting the reduction of pollution and wasteful consumption


  1. Reprts & programmes
  • Living Planet Report— published every two years by WWF since 1998; it is based on a Living Planet Index and ecological footprint calculation
  • Earth hour
  • Debt-for-nature swaps–financial transactions in which a portion of a developing nation’s foreign debt is forgiven in exchange for local investments in environmental conservation measures.
  • Marine Stewardship Council(MSC) — independent non-profit organization which sets a standard for sustainable fishing
  • Healthy GrownPotato — eco-brand that provides high-quality, sustainably grown, packaged, and shipped potatoes to consumers by leveraging integrated pest management(IPM) farming practices on large scale farms