Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment, Disaster and disaster management.
4)Tropospheric ozone adds yet another factor to the existing nexus of poverty, malnourishment and climate-change effects that challenge food and nutrition security in some of the agriculture intensive regions of the world. Analyse the given statement with regards to India. (250 Words)
Why this question
Agriculture employs around 48% of India’s population and with one of the largest populations, Indian agriculture plays a crucial role in global food security. Climate change, ozone and pollution will have marked effects on agriculture. The issue is related to GS-3 syllabus under the following heading- Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment, Disaster and disaster management.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to discuss and explain the causes effects of tropospheric ozone on food and nutrition food security. It also wants us to dig deep into the issue and see how poverty, climate change and malnourishment are exacerbating the woes of agriculture in such areas and what could be the possible implications.
Analyse – we have to bring out the causes, and implications of tropospheric ozone on agriculture and food security with special reference to India. We also have to explain how poverty, climate change and malnourishment affect agriculture and food security in such areas.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- you can introduce your answer by highlighting increasing concentration of ozone in troposphere around agriculturally intensive areas of the world, by quoting credible sources/ reports.
Body- divide the body of the answer into parts.
- Bring out the causes of increasing tropospheric ozone.
- Discuss its implications on agriculture and food security.
- Trace the prevalence of poverty, malnourishment and climate change in agriculturally intensive areas of India. Ganga basin would be a good example.
- Discuss how poverty, malnourishment and climate change coupled with tropospheric ozone will affect the agriculture and food security in such areas and in the country as a whole.
Conclusion- you can conclude your answer by mentioning government efforts in this direction or you can simply provide a few suggestions to tackle the issue.