Topic: mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections
2)Despite a plethora of laws, policies, mechanisms and programmes in place, children in India suffer from a lot of disabilities and problems. Discuss. (250 Words)
Why this question
Child rights and issues are important for UPSC exams, and also gross violation of child rights has been in news recently. The issue is related to GS2- syllabus under the following heading- Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
Key demand of the question
The main demand of the question is to know the laws, policies, mechanisms and programmes presently in place, to protect the child. It also wants us to highlight various problems and issues faced by children.
Discuss- we have to write in detail about all the laws, policies, mechanisms and programmes put in place to protect the children. We also have to discuss in detail about various issues and disabilities faced by the children and then identify the reasons behind the same.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- you can start your answer by citing UNICEF’s child rights’ definition. Or you can cite the Integrated Child Protection Scheme’s concept of child protection.
Body- divide the body into three main parts. In the first part ( further divided into subparts) discuss in points about the laws, policies, mechanisms and programmes in place to protect children. DIvide the answer into constitutional, legal provisions, policies and other associated measures.
In the other part, discuss what are the problems faced by children e.g. sexual exploitation, begging, trafficking, child labour, child marriage etc.
In the third part, which can be treated as conclusion, try to highlight the reasons behind the current state of affairs where despite a plethora of laws, policies, mechanisms children still face a lot of vulnerabilities and violation of their rights.