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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 14 April 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 14 April 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests

 


General Studies – 1


 

 

Topic:  The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

1) The dream of a ‘Surat Split’ was already conceived by Curzon when he made the statement ‘Congress was tottering to its fall and one of the biggest ambitions in my life is to give it a peaceful demise’. Critically analyze. (250 Words)

India’s Struggle for Independence, Chapter – 11 (Bipan Chandra)

 

Key demand of the question

The question raises the question whether Surat split was preconceived by Lord Curzon and his policies, or whether, the split was a result of ideological and other conflicts between the moderates and extremists. Basically, answer whether the Surat split was a result of British Machiavellian policies or not.

Directive word

Critically analyze – Bring out arguments for both sides of the debate as mentioned above and provide a balanced stand.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention in brief about Lord Curzon’s policies to Surat Split.

Body

  • Argue that Curzon’s policies were responsible
    • Bengal split → Swadeshi → Disagreement → Split
    • Strategy of DIvide and Rule started by Curzon
    • Democratic processes stifled which encouraged reactionary trends
    • Etc
  • Argue that split was ideological and bound to happen
    • Argument of Sunendra Nath Bannerjea, dada bhai naoroji etc vs aurobindo ghosh → explain the central ideological difference
    • Varied opinion on the pace of the movement
    • Etc

Conclusion – Balanced viewpoint that both parties failed to see British designs. Also ideological conflicts are usual at the beginning of nation building process

 

Topic:  -The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

2) Jallianwala Bagh massacre was one of the worst acts of violence in the history of the world and a turning point in India’s freedom struggle. Comment.  (250 Words)

The Week

NDTV

Why this question

Jallianwala Bagh massacre was one of the worst crimes in the history, wherein innocent civilians were shot dead, without any provocation and without any warning. The event is said to be very important part of  India’s struggle for independence and had major repercussions for the freedom struggle as well as the colonial rule. The issue is related to GS-1 syllabus under the following heading- Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues

The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to revisit the Jallianwala bagh massacre and trace its causes, give a short account of the incident and discuss its effect on our freedom struggle.

Directive word

Comment-  we have to break the issue and try to present a complete picture of the incident to highlight its brutality. We also have to present our arguments in favour of the question; how Jallianwala Bagh massacre was a turning point in India’s struggle for independence.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- you can introduce your answer here, by directly describing the incident in 2-3 lines.

Body-  divide the body into two parts. In one part, further describe the issue in detail and its highlight the response from British government and people. In the other part, present arguments as to why Jallianwala Bagh massacre was a turning point and what implications it had on our freedom struggle.

Conclusion- You can conclude your answer by mentioning how Jallianwala Bagh incident and other such acts of oppression finally led to ouster of British from India.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health,

3) Discuss how Ayushman Bharat will transform Indian healthcare system by creating a robust primary healthcare system and provide a secured access to secondary and tertiary healthcare. Also, discuss the challenges involved in implementation of the scheme.  (250 Words)

The Hindu

India.gov.in

 

Why this question

India plans to revise its present healthcare system and aims to bring a comprehensive healthcare program- Ayushman Bharat.  

Ayushman Bharat – National Health Protection Mission will subsume the on-going centrally sponsored schemes – Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) and the Senior Citizen Health Insurance Scheme (SCHIS). It is an important reform and progressive step in healthcare sector. The issue is related to GS-2 syllabus- Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health,

Education, Human Resources.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to discuss, how Ayushman Bharat aims to improve India’s healthcare system, what are the changes it intends to make and what are its prospects. We also have to discuss challenges faced in the implementation of such a programme.

Directive word

Discuss- we have to write in detail about the Ayushman Bharat programme and explain how it will improve India’s healthcare problem. We have to explain how the current problems with healthcare will be solved by Ayushman Bharat. Then we have to discuss in detail about the challenges faced in implementation of the programme.

Structure of the answer

Introduction-  You can introduce Ayushman Bharat scheme and which schemes it would subsume, its other name etc.

Body-  Divide the body into two main parts. In one part, discuss in points about the strategy of Ayushman Bharat and how it will solve current problems of our healthcare.

In the other part, discuss what would be the challenges involved in implementing the Ayushman Bharat programme e.g financing issues, health being a state subject, infrastructure and human resource deficit, etc.

Conclusion- you can provide a few suggestions to make the programme more successful.

 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health,

4) Examine the reasons behind India’s poor performance in sporting events such as Olympics. Discuss whether the provisions of National Sports University Bill will help India arrest that decline. (250 Words)

The Hindu

 

Why this question

Poor performance in sports has been a long-standing issue for India. Sports, recently has become the focus with several government schemes designed to improve India’s performance at Olympics. The provisions of the Bill thus needs to be examined as to whether they would help India arrest the decline.

Key demand of the question

The first part of the question demands us to examine the reasons behind India’s poor performance in sports. The second part demands us to mention the provisions of the bill and discuss whether they would help India improve its performance in sports.

Directive word

Examine – we have to probe deeper into the reasons behind India’s poor performance,  get into details, and find out the causes why these reasons are related to India’s poor performance

Discuss – Discuss the provisions and analyze whether they would be sufficient

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Write down the aim of National Sports University Bill and bring out the fact that India’s performance in sports is poor and hence steps to improve are required

Body

  • Bring out the reasons
    • Discuss under heads like training and infrastructure, education system, society etc
    • Bring out how those reasons are related to India’s poor performance
  • Discuss the steps needed to change status quo. Here bring in the provisions of the Bill and discuss how they would arrest India’s decline in sports
  • Cite some global example (such as UK) where investing in sports infra helped immensely

Conclusion – Mention the multifaceted advantages of investing in Sports and emphasize that the Bill needs to be passed asap


General Studies – 3


 

TopicIndian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

5) In the wake of the current Indian banking system crisis, discuss what measures should be taken by  the government to prevent such incidents in the future. (250 Words) 

Livemint

 

Why this question

Indian banking is reeling under the pressure of twin balance sheet problem. Stressed assets, poor corporate governance and recapitalization are some of the most urgent issues faced by Indian banks today. Banking sector is vital for the functioning of any modern economy and any crisis in banking system has spillover effects on the economy which can lead to economic crisis. The issue has been in news for a long time. IMF has recently come up with a set of suggestions for Indian banking system. Hence the issue is important for mains exam. The question is related to GS-3 syllabus under the following heading-  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to simply discuss in length, what measures should be taken by the government to prevent banking crisis of such nature, in future. The answer should be holistic and attend to all related aspects of the issue.

Directive word

Discuss- we have to discuss in length about what should be done by the government to prevent any future banking crises. There are many aspects of this issue and many radical solutions. You should stick to the most important and feasible ones.

Structure of the answer

Introduction-  Highlight the present situation of the banking sector in India and briefly mention the main causes behind the cross crisis.

Body- Divide the body into two main parts. In one part discuss in points, what measures have already been taken by the government like Bank board bureau, insolvency and bankruptcy code, recapitalization, consolidation, RBI’s Framework resolution etc.

In the other part, discuss what further measures should be taken by the government in order to prevent such incidents in future. You can mention tighter macroprudential norms, an independent banking supervisor, smaller footprint of government in the corporate sector, and strong corporate governance. You can also mention Kotak committee report and highlight some of its recommendations.

Conclusion- You can conclude your answer by citing results from global financial stability report 2017 of IMF.

 

TopicInfrastructure: Energy

6) It is imperative for India to increase its energy consumption while ensuring climate justice.  Discuss how government of India aims to balance its energy demands with environmental protection. (250 Words)

Reference

 

Why this question

India’s future will be built on energy and as our economy progresses, our energy consumption is likely to increase sharply. However, Climate change and environmental degradation, associated with energy production and consumption, which are unavoidable to certain extent will not give much room to India’s energy policy. We have to devise a careful energy policy which not only assures increasing energy availability but also envisages to protect our environment. Recently, India hosted an international energy forum, in which the topic has been well debated. The issue is important for IAS mains exam and is related to GS-3 syllabus-

Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment Disaster and disaster management.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the strategy adopted by the govt of India to balance its energy demands and also discuss the policy with regard to environmental protection.

Directive word

Discuss- we have to write in detail about the energy policy of India and how India intends to generate more energy, improve efficiency of consumption. We also have to discuss how India intends to offset the environmental harm caused by increased energy generation and consumption.

Structure of the answer

Introduction-  mention the present energy consumption in India and future demand projections and also mention the need to balance energy needs with environmental protection.  

Body-  Divide the body into three main parts. Discuss each part in points. In one part, discuss how India intends to generate cleaner energy. Mention India’s energy targets ( solar, wind, hydropower, biogas) and installed capacities reached , International Solar Alliance, research on cleaner fuels etc.

In the other part, discuss how India aims to increase efficiency of energy consumption. You can mention Bharat Standards, ratings of appliances,  Ultra Mega power projects.

In the third part, discuss how India aims to offset the environmental loss. As this includes all endeavours in the direction of environmental conservation, you can be exhaustive while quoting the steps.

Conclusion- you can conclude by stressing upon the need of balancing India’s energy needs with environmental protection. Or you can better provide some further suggestions in this regard.

 


General Studies – 4


Why this question:

Scientific temper helps us wade through life in a systematic and coherent way. It helps us make sense of happenings around us. Most importantly, it helps us become rational individuals which is a necessity in the present atmosphere in India. In this light, scientific temper becomes important.

Key demand of the question

Demands us to bring out the advantages of cultivating scientific temper which will help us in answering how it will help India progress.

Directive word

Discuss – Simply establish how scientific temper would be helpful. Bring out any disadvantages, if you feel there are.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – DIscuss what do you understand by scientific temper. Bring out the fact that Nehru placed huge emphasis on scientific temper.

Body

  • Advantages of scientific temper
    • Discuss under various heads like administration, innovation, polity etc
  • Bring out specifically how it will help India
  • Discuss any cautionary advice which you feel is relevant

Conclusion – Re-establish that scientific temper is critical. Mention some recent controversy where application of scientific temper would have helped.

 

 


 

NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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