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PRELIMS BOOSTERS – 2018: Fishing cat (Prionailurus viverrinus) and UNDP – United Nation Development Programme






Fishing cat (Prionailurus viverrinus) and UNDP – United Nation Development Programme


Fishing cat (Prionailurus viverrinus)


  1. Vulnerable — IUCN Red List
  2. State animal of West Bengal
  3. Medium-sized wild cat of South and Southeast Asia
  4. Habitat
  • Strongly associated with wetlands, typically inhabit swamps and marshy areas, around oxbow lakes, reed beds, tidal creeks and in mangrove forests
  • In India, fishing cats are mainly found in the mangrove forests of the Sundarbans, on the foothills of the Himalayas along the Ganga and Brahmaputra river valleys and in the Western Ghats.


  1. Threats
  • Habitat loss — destruction of wetlands, which are increasingly being pollutedand converted for agricultural use and human settlements.
  • Hunting for food
  • Over-exploitationof local fish stocks and retaliatory killing


  1. Conservation
  • CITES Appendix II
  • Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972

UNDP – United Nation Development Programme



  1. Headquarter — New York City
  2. United Nations’ global development network.
  3. Executive board within the United Nations General Assembly.
  4. Objective : Helping countries to achieve the eradication of poverty, and the reduction of inequalities and exclusion.
  5. It publishes  Human Development Report
  6. Currently works with 170 countries


  1. Origin
  • Established in 1965 with the merging of the Expanded Programme of Technical Assistance (EPTA) and the Special Fund.
  • Rationale was to avoid duplication of [their] activities
  • EPTA — set up in 1949 to help the economic and political aspects of underdeveloped countries
  • Special Fund — to enlarge the scope of UN technical assistance.


  1. Focus area:
  • Sustainable development
  • Democratic governance and peacebuilding
  • Climate and disaster resilience
  1. UNDP’s mandate does not permit to provide financial assistance to individuals (including students seeking scholarships for their studies), companies or private groups.
  2. Strategic Plan 2018-2021  — sets out the direction for a new UNDP, optimized to help countries achieve the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
  3. 2015 — UNDP adopted mandatory Social and Environmental Standardsfor all of its projects and programmes.
  4. UNDP is guided by the United Nations Development Group’s common approach implementing the SDGs, called MAPS, or Mainstreaming, Acceleration, and Policy Support.