Topic: Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints
5) What do you understand by Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF). Discuss its economic and environmental benefits vis a vis conventional farming practices. (250 Words)
Why this question
ZBNF has been quite successful in some southern states and is totally environment and budget friendly. In such times of agriculture distress, any issue related to agriculture becomes doubly important as far as UPSC exam is concerned (SIGH). The issue is related to GS-3 syllabus; Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints;
Key demand of the question
The question demands us to explain what is ZBNF, how is it different from conventional farming and what are its benefits.
What- we have to simply explain the meaning of the term ZBNF and describe it briefly.
Discuss- We have to write in detail about the benefits of ZBNF.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- You can directly introduce your answer by defining the term ZBNF.
Body- Divide the body into two parts. In one part, discuss ZBNF by further explaining it. In the other discuss in points about how ZBNF is different from conventional farming and what economic and ecological benefits it provides vis a vis conventional farming.
Conclusion- you can mention the need to try ZBNF in other parts of the country and highlight government’s efforts to promote ZBNF, and what further could be done.