Topic: Environmental pollution; Paper-2 – bilateral, global agreements
4) The maritime industry poses significant emission threats and there is an urgent need for a global consensus on industry specific emission reduction targets. Critically analyse. (250 Words)
Why this question
IMO is trying to secure a shipping industry specific emission targets, in the wake of the report of one of its recently commissioned study. Some countries have called for reduction by 50% and some even higher. However, the proposals are being opposed by emerging economies including India. Thus it is an important issue and is related to GS-2 syllabus and GS-3 topics – Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora and Environmental pollution respectively.
Key demand of the question
The question wants us to examine the role of shipping industry in global GHG emissions and, what imminent threats it poses. It also wants us to discuss impediments faced in reaching such agreement, and counter interests if any. Based on the examination, we have to form a personal opinion on the issue.
Critically analyse- The key here is to analyse both sides of the issue. Why such an agreement is important and also what are the issues involved which inhibiting reaching such an agreement.
We have to present our personal opinion on the issue.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- in the introduction, mention the contribution of shipping industry towards global GHG emissions and the IMO’s endeavour to secure an agreement.
Body- Divide the body into two parts. In one part, discuss the threats posed by shipping industry emissions, and also present arguments which highlight the concerns of main supporting countries and need of such agreement. In the other part, discuss the concerns of developing economies with special focus on India.
Conclusion- you can conclude the answer by presenting your opinion along with a few suggestions.