Topic: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security; Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
3) Discuss the role of media in spreading extremism in Kashmir. Also discuss some peace-building measures that can be taken to tackle the problem of radicalization of youth in such areas. (250 Words)
Why this question
Violent extremism is one of the fundamental concerns of much of the world and India is one of the those countries that faces different forms of violent extremism, ranging from riots to insurgency. Media plays a key role and is often exploited for spread of extremism. In Kashmir, media has played a critical role in the rise and spread of extremism. The question is hence important for UPSC exam. The other part, deals with solution to one of the basic factors responsible for extremism. The question is related to the GS-3 syllabus;
Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security; Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
Key demand of the question
The question wants us to explain how media helps spread extremism in Kashmir. The other part wants us to suggest peace-building measures that could be taken, to prevent radicalization of youth through different mediums.
Discuss- we have to find how media helps spread extremism in Kashmir. We have to discuss in detail about all forms of media involved and how they help in the process.
In the other part we have to enumerate peace-building measures required to prevent radicalization and then briefly describe each measure.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- In the introduction, highlight the role of media in spreading any form of extremism e.g riots.
Body- divide the body into two parts. In one part, discuss different forms of media involved in spreading extremism and explain how they are involved. In the other part, discuss in points, what peace-building measures could be taken to prevent radicalization of youth. You should stick to the most important ones and briefly describe each.
Conclusion- In the conclusion, mention a few complementary measures that could taken to fight extremism in India