Topic: Conservation; EIA
5) We need ecologically robust and socially just solutions to cope with decreasing forest cover and increasing development pressures. Critical analyse the draft Forest Policy,2018 in the light of the above statement. (250 Words)
Why this question
Recently released draft forest policy accepts the fact that in order to achieve the national goal for eco-security, the country should have a minimum of one-third of the total land area under forest and tree cover. However, the strategies envisaged under the draft plan have been subjected to criticism on various accounts. The issue is related to GS-3 syllabus under the following heading; Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment, Disaster and disaster management.
Key demand of the question
The question wants us to analyse the draft forest policy, 2018 and discuss how it aims to achieve sustainable development of forests and whether its strategies are ecologically robust as well as socially just. We have to form an opinion based on our analysis.
Critically analyse- We have to analyse both the aspects of the draft forest policy and examine its strengths as well as limitations, in terms of being ecologically robust as well as socially just.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- in the introduction, mention India’s present forest cover and goals envisaged by draft Forest Policy, 2018.
Body- Divide the body into two parts. In one part the importance of a ecologically robust as well as socially just approach towards our forests. In the second part, analyse the draft policy and examine whether it incorporates ecologically robust and socially just approaches in its strategy. Divide the second part into subparts and discuss each issue (ecological and social) separately.
Conclusion- in the conclusion, briefly suggest some further measures/changes that should be made in our approach towards forest ecology and governance.