Topic: Infrastructure – transport
8) Road traffic accidents are a leading cause of death in India, and a major contributor to socio-economic losses, disability burden, and hospitalization. Discuss different parameters that should be involved in measuring road safety. What are the initiatives taken by the government to address the issue. (250 Words)
Why this question
Road safety targets form a part of final text of the Sustainable Development Goals adopted by UN member states (Goal 11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable). Recently Maruti Suzuki, the largest Indian car maker has introduced a yearly Road Safety Index that rates major Indian cities on key road safety parameters. The question is related to GS3 syllabus- Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
Discuss- The answer should identify the parameters that could be involved in measuring road safety. Maruti Suzuki’s Road safety index provides a good example of these parameters. You should add some more parameters, in case need felt.
What- the question simply wants a brief description of the initiatives taken by the government to address the issue of road safety.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- in the introduction, mention the severity of road traffic incidents in India by quoting some statistics regarding such accidents. You can also add to it by mentioning SDGs related to road safety.
Body- In one part of the body, discuss in points, about the parameters that should be included in measuring road safety. Provide a rationale for inclusion of each parameter.
In the other part of the body, briefly mention initiatives taken by the government in addressing the above issue.
In the conclusion, briefly suggest in 1-2 lines, what more could be done by different stakeholders involved in road safety.