Topic: Ethical issues in international relations and funding
8) One of the cornerstone of Indian foreign policy is the ideal of Vasudhaiv Kutumbakam. India’s record of upholding human rights at international forums does not reflect India’s belief in this ideal. Critically comment with examples. (150 Words)
Why this question?
In the arena of international ethics, we must be ready with justification of India’s role in major world events. This is a broad question which would apply to various situations like India’s role in refugee crisis etc. Hence it becomes important for mains.
Key demand of the question:
The question has two statements
- India’s belief in Vasudhaiv Kutumbakam – means that world is a family and India should take a stand for atrocities committed anywhere
- Raises question of India’s record on upholding human rights at international forums
We have to address the central query whether India has done enough to promote global peace at international forums.
Critically Comment: Here we have to make our stand clear on whether we agree or disagree with the hypothesis of the statement that India has not done enough to protect human rights at international forums. We have to provide arguments for our stand along with examples. A balanced stand needs to be taken
Structure of Answer:
Introduction – Write about the ideals of vasudhaiv kutumbakam and what it means and its significance for Indian Foreign policy (Non Alignment, Panchsheel etc)
In support of the hypothesis we can quote from reports such as Human Rights Watch World Report 2018 which states that India continued to play a negative role in country specific resolutions at UNHRC and GA (Israel eg etc). We can also talk about how the non interventionist approach of India does little to turn up the pressure on gross violations of human rights such as in Gaza, Yemen war etc. We only get bothered when Indian citizens are involved.
Against the hypothesis we can give arguments such as mutual non interference in domestic affairs as per Panchsheel, in IR national interest takes precedence, India believes in a democratic, systemic approach to world issues and thus focuses on efforts such as bringing into force a CCIT, also India takes lead for developin countries at WTO summits etc.
Conclusion – A fair judgment needs to be provided whether India has done enough or not. We should ideally take a positive stand and suggest that India should take up these issues through the platform of BRICS, IBSA which would be in line with India’s foreign policy of multilateralism.