Topic: Role of women, social empowerment, Poverty and developmental issues
1) Amongst the many issues that constrain equality of employment for women, law of the land is the most significant barrier. Examine (250 Words)
Why this question
Women related issues are always important from GS 1 (topics mentioned above) and GS2 (marginalized section) perspective. Of late, employment status of women has come under the scanner. Reason for the low share of women in LFPR in the world in general and India in particular is an important topic. This question is also related to Feminization of poverty.
Key demand of the question
The question mentions that law of the land is the most significant barrier to low LFPR participation of women. Thus it is asking us to examine the causes behind low female participation in LFPR and examine whether law of the land is the most significant barrier.
Examine- Dig deep into the reasons behind reasons that constrain equality of women in employment. Examine the legal aspect in greater detail citing arguments to support or discredit the former as the most significant factor.
Structure of the answer
In the introduction, write about the problem being highlighted ie the status of female participation in LFPR. Also mention why this issue is important (McKinsey Report – Power of Parity, IMF report or similar can be quoted)
Body-Divide the body of the answer into 2 parts.
In one part examine the various reasons due to which female participation in LFPR is low. Examine the legal aspect in greater detail. This part of the body will take up majority of the word limit.
In the latter part, evaluate why or why not legal aspect is the most significant factor.
Conclusion – Present your view and also mention how the legal aspect can be improved – reservation of women in Parliament, reviewing laws like Maternity Benefit Act etc.