Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein
2) The debate on federalism in present India revolves around many distinct but inter- related aspects. Examine. Also discuss various contentious issues in the Terms of reference, of the 15th finance commission. (250 Words)
Why this question
Debate around federalism in India has been evolving over time and questions with varying contexts can be asked from the topic which comes under GS-2 syllabus- (Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein).
Key demand of the question
The question demands us to trace the evolution of debates around federalism in india and further delve into the present debate and examine its various aspects. In the second part, the question wants us to briefly describe various contentious issues related to the Terms of reference, of the 15th finance commission, with special emphasis on issues affecting federalism.
Examine- Dig deep into the current debate around federalism in India and highlight various issues, aspects and components.
Discuss- Briefly describe the main contentious issues in the Terms of reference of 15th finance commission.
Structure of the answer
In the introduction, write in 1-2 lines about the incidents/reports/ findings that depict the current scenario of federalism in India.
Body-Divide the body of the answer into 2 parts.
In one part examine the new dimensions that have evolved with time around the debate of fiscal federalism in India. Also examine the aspects that have strengthened or weakened over time and have thereby altered the current debate.
In another part discuss the main issues in terms of reference of the 15th finance commission, which have led to debates around federalism.
Conclusion- briefly mention in 1-2 lines, the need for a robust cooperative federalism which caters to the aspirations of modern India and also fulfils the task of national integration.