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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28 March 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28 March 2018

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

LIST of TOPICS (Static)


Revision Test – 2


Henceforth, we will cover MORE issues in Secure, and provide explanations/directions/hints to 4-5 most important questions.  

General Studies – 1



Topic: The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country. 

1) Critically examine Maulana Abul Kalam Azad’s views on Islam and nationalism. Also discuss his contribution to strengthening secularism in India. (250 Words)

The Indian Express


General Studies – 2



Topic: Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections

2) Does the recent use of deadly nerve agent Novichok reflect failure of the Chemical Weapons Convention? Critically comment. (250 Words)





Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations. 

3) Examine the implications of Xi Jinping’s extended tenure for India-China relations. (250 Words)



Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

4) In India, women are best-placed to solve grassroots health problems. Discuss. (250 Words)



Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

5) What are the objectives of the Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA)? Discuss the significance of the decision of union government to continue this scheme. (250 Words)

The Hindu

General Studies – 3



Topic:  Conservation; Lad reforms; Environmental pollution

6) Wrong implementation of Forest Rights Act has serious implications for climate change mitigation efforts. Analyse. (250 Words)

The Indian Express


Topic: Changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

7) Critically evaluate design and performance of the MUDRA scheme. (250 Words)


Why this question?

Very important question for Mains. It might be repeated in a different form in Mains-2018. 

Key demand of the question:

You should objectively evaluate design and performance of the MUDRA scheme. 

Directive Word:

Critically Evaluate– Based on data and facts, and also based on opinion of experts/reports/studies/ assess the deficiencies and outcomes. But you should write about both positives and negatives. 

Structure of Answer:

In the introduction write 2-3 lines why flagship programs sometimes fail to deliver to their potential despite much attention and resources being spent on them. 

Write 1-2 lines on background of the scheme.

In the body, divide answer into TWO main parts: First to evaluate Design of MUDRA. Here, categorise into Finance, Institutions, Implementation mechanism etc and write about robustness or weaknesses. In the Second part, evaluate performance. In the reference article you will find many negative points. Search for positive points (Refer PIB).


In the conclusion write about the need for banks to be more proactive in lending and need for government to clean NPA problem. Or write any other related thoughtful valid conclusion. 

Related Questions/Articles: Here, Here, Here

General Studies – 4

Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world

Why this question?

It is related to syllabus. There was a question of John Rawls’s theory in CSM-2016. 

Key demand of the question:

First define what’s political morality(political ethics). Then, explain how should political morality view equality – should it try to treat all equally, or should focus on equity? Based on what John Rawls and Amartya Sen says about equality, take your own stand and explain it through examples. 

Directive Word:

Explain– Based on examples, make it clear what do you understand by political morality. When asked to explain, like in NCERT books they do, simplify the concepts so that any layman can understand your views. 

Structure of Answer:

In the introduction write in 1-2 lines about importance of political morality and equality in societies. 

Define political morality with a suitable example.

In the body, divide answer into THREE main parts, One to explain John Rawls’s theory (limit scope to equality); Second to explain Amartya Sen’s view; Third to explain, on the basis of previous TWO parts, what should be the conception of equality for political morality. For each part give examples. You may take a balanced stand in the THIRD part (For instance, for Norway and India, equality has contrasting connotation. Politicians in Norway have different conception of equality compared to Indian politicians – and within India, we have many more dimensions depending upon political attitude and ideology). 

Write all parts in paragraphs.


In the conclusion, write why equality and liberty matter more these days, and how they have new dimensions in the digital age. You may also write how even political morality is changing these days. 

Tip: Build answer based on political policies, ideologies, influence of moral philosophy on political morality etc. Create many dimensions within your concise answer to score more marks.

Related Question/Article on Insights: Here

 Other IMPORTANT issues that are NOT covered Today in Secure/Covered Previously:

  1. Karnataka Separate Flag – Implications for Federal Polity – The Hindu
  2. Russia – Rogue Nation? – The Hindu
  3. Pitfalls of Digital Revolution  – Livemint
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

 Let us know in comments section what do you think about this new change in Secure. Thank you.