Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world
Why this question?
It is related to syllabus. There was a question of John Rawls’s theory in CSM-2016.
Key demand of the question:
First define what’s political morality(political ethics). Then, explain how should political morality view equality – should it try to treat all equally, or should focus on equity? Based on what John Rawls and Amartya Sen says about equality, take your own stand and explain it through examples.
Explain– Based on examples, make it clear what do you understand by political morality. When asked to explain, like in NCERT books they do, simplify the concepts so that any layman can understand your views.
Structure of Answer:
In the introduction write in 1-2 lines about importance of political morality and equality in societies.
Define political morality with a suitable example.
In the body, divide answer into THREE main parts, One to explain John Rawls’s theory (limit scope to equality); Second to explain Amartya Sen’s view; Third to explain, on the basis of previous TWO parts, what should be the conception of equality for political morality. For each part give examples. You may take a balanced stand in the THIRD part (For instance, for Norway and India, equality has contrasting connotation. Politicians in Norway have different conception of equality compared to Indian politicians – and within India, we have many more dimensions depending upon political attitude and ideology).
Write all parts in paragraphs.
In the conclusion, write why equality and liberty matter more these days, and how they have new dimensions in the digital age. You may also write how even political morality is changing these days.
Tip: Build answer based on political policies, ideologies, influence of moral philosophy on political morality etc. Create many dimensions within your concise answer to score more marks.
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