Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
1) In the 1971 Bangladesh War, India’s intervention achieved strategic objectives while maintaining a humanitarian veneer. Analyse. (250 Words)
Why this question?
This topic is related to modern Indian history. Questions on India’s wars in its post-independence years are favourites of UPSC.
Key demand of the question:
Prove that India’s intervention was not an altruistic exercise, but had strategic objectives. Also write how it helped India maintain an image of humanitarian intervention.
Analyse– In several parts(categories), address demand of the question through facts and opinions.
Structure of Answer:
In the introduction, write why 1971 War is a milestone event for India – highlight the deftness with which India managed to maintain humanitarian image and also achieve its strategic objectives. https://www.insightsonindia.com/2015/05/05/6-what-did-india-gain-from-the-1971-bangladesh-war-critically-comment-200-words/
In the body, divide answer into TWO main parts: First to analyse strategic objectives that India achieved. Categorise into Breaking Pakistan, New Ally – something similar to these and within them explain why it was not an altruistic exercise (wherever necessary). Second part to analyse how India managed to make it appear as a humanitarian exercise – domestically and internationally.
In the conclusion write few lines how the 1971 War has helped India in the long term(Bangladesh is closer now, not a thorn in the flesh)
TIP: Don’t show strong emotions(nationalist/religious) in your answers. Try to be neutral and objective.