Topic: Ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions;
6) “Compassion wherever possible and cruelty only where inevitable is the art of correctional confinement.” Analyse. (150 Words)
Why this question?
Similar questions are asked in UPSC GS-4. This question tries to test how you need to balance compassion and cruelty in correcting prisoners.
Key demand of the question:
Write why both compassion and cruelty are needed in different degrees and in different circumstances for correctional confinement. You may disagree with the statement too (in case you want to say only compassion is needed)
Analyse: In different parts (paragraphs), examine and comment why compassion and to a less degree in inevitable situations, cruelty is needed.
Structure of Answer:
In the introduction write why confinement of prisoners is a humanitarian issue and write your opinion on if cruelty even if inevitable is needed or not.
Define correctional confinement.
In the body, in 4-5 small paragraphs, analyse issues associated with correctional confinement and how compassion, cruelty are needed/not needed. Talk about human rights and other rights. For all arguments give examples.
In the conclusion write how civilised societies should treat prisoners – both domestic and foreign.
Tip: In GS-4 answers, your answer should conform to ethics framework.