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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 01 March 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 01 March 2018

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

LIST of TOPICS (Static)

Wish You All Happy Holi!


General Studies – 1


 

Topic Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times

1) Both Buddhist and Jain literature, though parted their ways from Sanskrit and created large trove of works in vernacular languages, later had to abandon their hostility to the Sanskrit language. Examine. (250 Words)

Reference

Reference

 

Why this question?

It is in our static topic list. This question is related to art and culture topic in syllabus. UPSC is known to ask questions which demand ability to analyse features of two topics across time and space. 

Key demand of the question:

You should examine why they Jainism and Buddhism ditched Sanskrit in their literature and returned later to its fold.  

Directive Word:

Discuss– With suitable examples, you need to examine the reasons only.  

Structure of Answer:

In the introduction, write in 1-2 lines distinct features of Jain and Buddhist literatures and their impact on India’s culture. You must also write a line on their on and off relationship with the Sanskrit language.

In the body, in TWO Mains parts address question’s demand. In first part, write why they chose local languages. Give many examples from Pali, Prakrit, Kannada etc. In the Second part (refer to first link), examine why later scholars again resorted to Sanskrit. Here also give examples. 

In the conclusion, make a general observation that it has been a trend in literary movements throughout history to adapt to and imbibe existing social conditions, and these religious literatures were not exceptions.  

 

 


General Studies – 2


 

 

Topic:   Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate; Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

2) The creation of the AIIB was expected to plug Asia’s monumental infrastructural deficit. Critically examine if the AIIB has succeeded in becoming a credible institution that promises to make an important contribution in providing regional and global public goods. (250 Words)

Livemint

Why this question?

There will be a question on international institution/organisation. AIIB can be expected in this year Mains

Key demand of the question:

You should examine performance of AIIB during past two years. Examine in the light of its stated objectives. 

Directive Word:

Critically examine:  Examine both success and failures of AIIB. Let major focus be on its success. 

Structure of Answer:

In the introduction write how creation of AIIB and similar institutions in Asia was essential and how they have been a driving force in Asia resurgence. Write a line saying that it’s work in progress, especially from India’s point of view.

In the body, divide answer into TWO main parts. In the first part, write about its success. Write few points from India’s perspective. In the Second part, write negatives, with some focus on China’s agenda. 

In the conclusion, write saying it’s too less a period to truly assess AIIB’s contribution to the region and to the world. 

 

 


General Studies – 3


 

 

Topic Employment

3) In August 2017, the draft Code on Wages Bill 2017 was introduced in the Lok Sabha. Analyse its features and significance. (250 Words)

PRS

Reference

Why this question?

This is a major reform and is an important question from exam point of view. This issue will evolve further if the Bill gets passed.   

Key demand of the question:

Analyse its features and significance. More points should be written on analysing significance of the Bill.

Directive Word:

Analyse:  There are Two parts. Within each part answer should be divided into sub-parts (compulsorily when directive word is analysis).

Structure of Answer:

In the introduction write in 2-3 lines highlight need for consolidating and reforming labour laws and how this new code will compliment other recent economic reforms. 

Give brief details about the Bill’s context before writing the body (1-2 lines)

In the body, There should be TWO mains parts: One for features and another for Significance. In the first part, divide into 3-4 categories and analyse. Same in the second part. All parts should have examples. 

In the conclusion, write a line or two on sticking points and need to address them to make this a model code.  

 

Topic:  Inclusive growth and issues arising from it. 

4) An inclusive financial ecosystem is quintessential to the social contract. Critically evaluate the success of recent government initiatives in strengthening and deepening financial inclusion in India. (250 Words)

Livemint

Why this question?

Financial inclusion is in news since 2014 thanks to various initiatives and policy decisions.    It’s directly related to syllabus and an important issue for Mains this year (why? last year there was no question on these initiatives, this year UPSC might ask. There was a question on inclusive growth growth though)

Key demand of the question:

Evaluate, i.e. assess performance of various initiatives in strengthening and deepening financial inclusion in India. Be objective – write both positives and negatives. 

Directive Word:

Critically evaluate:  Objectively assess performance of various schemes in strengthening and deepening financial inclusion.  You need to provide data compulsorily when it’s asked to evaluate. 

Structure of Answer:

In the introduction, write about importance of financial inclusion for India’s economy and also for government’s various efforts to develop India. 

In the body, divide answer into various parts such as Jan Dhan Yojana, Digital India etc and evaluate their contribution towards financial inclusion. No need to divide as ‘strengthening’ and ‘deepening’ – both mean same (more or less). Write about CRISIL Inclusix and use its data to substantiate. 

In the conclusion, write how financial inclusion can aid inclusion growth and strengthen social contract. 

 

Topic Land reforms

5) Discuss the main features of the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 (LARR Act) and also examine how LARR Act has altered the traditional relationship between the state and the citizen. (250 Words)

The Hindu

Why this question?

This question is important because it’s in news and is also an important issue  considering how acquisition of land has always been a contentious issue between the state and citizens.   This question just tries to make you revise provisions of LARR Act and elicit opinion about how it has affected relationship between state and citizen. Once the SC gives verdict on this Act, we will focus on the verdict next time. 

Key demand of the question:

More focus should be on discussing Act’s features and examining how it has affected relationship between state and citizen. 

Directive Word:

 

Discuss: Present all dimension of the LARR Act. You may comment here and there too. Major focus of your answer should be on this part. 

Examine:  Present facts how LARR Act has affected relationship between state and citizen. No need to comment. 

Structure of Answer:

In the introduction write how progressive the LARR act has been and how it has empowered citizens compared to earlier times. 

Briefly in 1-2 lines write background of this Act.

In the body, in TWO mains parts, first Discuss features and then Examine effect of this Act on relationship between state and citizens. In the second part, you should use imagination to write 3-4 points. Provide examples, especially in the second part. 

In the conclusion, write 1-2 lines on LARR Act’s contentious provision and need for court to clear confusions. 


General Studies – 4


Topic:  Ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions;

Why this question?

This question is to make you think and identify ethical issues in issues like this. This is part of practical ethics. Not very important from exam point of view. But, as this question makes you think, it’s important. It also clear concepts like rule of law etc. 

Key demand of the question:

Write why it’s considered unethical and against rule of law to kill criminals (or innocents) in police encounters.  

Directive Word:

Examine: Unlike in other ethics questions, you shouldn’t comment. Just examine why others think encounters are unethical. 

Structure of Answer:

In the introduction write why police encounters pose ethical questions to democracies like India where rule of law is highly respected. 

Define what’s rule of law. (in questions where key words are there, define them and then proceed to write answer)

In the body, in 4-5 small paragraphs, examine why it’s unethical and also against rule of law. Compulsorily provide examples for each point. Combine rule of law and ethics part in each point. Focus on human rights aspects. Mention various international conventions and laws as examples. 

In the conclusion write about responsibility of the state, judiciary and civil society to ensure encounters do not take place in civilised societies. 

 


 Other Important issues that are NOT covered today in Secure:

  1. E-Way Bill
  2. Halving the syllabus or reforming cramming system?

NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

 Let us know in comments section what do you think about this new change in Secure. Thank you. 

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