Topic: Ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions;
6) It is argued that the police encounters, which have become a common phenomenon, have contributed to our low rank on ‘rule of law’ index. Examine why encounters are considered as unethical and against rule of law. (150 Words)
Why this question?
This question is to make you think and identify ethical issues in issues like this. This is part of practical ethics. Not very important from exam point of view. But, as this question makes you think, it’s important. It also clear concepts like rule of law etc.
Key demand of the question:
Write why it’s considered unethical and against rule of law to kill criminals (or innocents) in police encounters.
Examine: Unlike in other ethics questions, you shouldn’t comment. Just examine why others think encounters are unethical.
Structure of Answer:
In the introduction write why police encounters pose ethical questions to democracies like India where rule of law is highly respected.
Define what’s rule of law. (in questions where key words are there, define them and then proceed to write answer)
In the body, in 4-5 small paragraphs, examine why it’s unethical and also against rule of law. Compulsorily provide examples for each point. Combine rule of law and ethics part in each point. Focus on human rights aspects. Mention various international conventions and laws as examples.
In the conclusion write about responsibility of the state, judiciary and civil society to ensure encounters do not take place in civilised societies.