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All India Radio News Summary: 07 NOVEMBER 2017


All India Radio News Summary: 07 NOVEMBER 2017


  1. Government orders Multi-Agency Group probe into Paradise Papers revelation

The Government has ordered a probe into the cases of Paradise Papers by the Multi-Agency Group (MAG) which is also probing the Panama Papers leak.

  • The reconstituted MAG, headed by the Chairman of the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT), will have representatives from the Enforcement Directorate, Reserve Bank and Financial Intelligence Unit.
  • The Investigation units of the Income Tax Department have been alerted to take note of the revelations for immediate action.
  • Out of the 180 countries represented in the data of offshore entities, India ranks 19th in terms of number of names. In all, 714 Indian entities and individuals figure in the list.

 

Paradise Papers

  • The Paradise Papers is a set of 13.4 million confidential electronic documents relating to offshore investment that were leaked to a German newspaper.
  • They contain the names of more than 120,000 people and companies.
  • Among those whose financial affairs are mentioned are Queen Elizabeth II, the President of Colombia and the S. Secretary of Commerce.

 

Multi-Agency Group (MAG)

  • MAG was constituted in April last year to investigate the Panama Papers.
  • Around 792 crore rupees of undisclosed credits have been detected while criminal prosecution complaints have been filed in five cases.
  • It has submitted seven reports so far and investigation is in full swing.

 

Panama Papers

  • The Panama Papers are 11.5 million leakeddocuments that detail financial information for more than 214,488 offshore
  • The documents, some dating back to the 1970s, were created by, and taken from, Panamanian law firm and corporate serviceprovider Mossack Fonseca, and were leaked in 2015 by an anonymous source.
  • The Panama Papers contained brief particulars of about 426 Indians or persons of Indian origin.

 

  1. India reiterates its positive and constructive role in combating Climate change

India has said, it considers climate change as a major threat to collective well-being and wants to play a positive and constructive role in combating it.

  • Union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, said this while inaugurating the India Pavilion at the on-going meeting of the Conference of Parties (COP-23) at the UN climate summit that kicked off at Bonn in Germany.
  • The Minister noted that solving the crisis of climate change is not a question of politics but a moral obligation.
  • Minister said, although India’s per capita emissions are only one-third of the global average, and its contribution to the global stock of carbon dioxide is less than three per cent, it has still moved ahead with the implementation of path-breaking initiatives.

 

  1. Finance Minister says, post demonetisation country has moved to a much cleaner, transparent and honest financial system.

The Government ban on 500 and 1000 rupee notes is completing one year.

Finance Minister said,

  • The country has moved on to a much cleaner, transparent and honest financial system after implementation of demonetisation.
  • Cash seizure by Income Tax Department has more than doubled in 2016-17 as compared to 2015-16.
  • November 8, 2016 would be remembered as a watershed moment in the history of Indian economy. This day signifies the resolve of the Government to cure the country from “dreaded disease of black money”. 
  • One of the important objectives of demonetisation was to make India a less cash economy and thereby reduce the flow of black money in the system.
  • Stone pelting incidences in Jammu and Kashmir and naxal activities in Left Wing Extremism affected areas have reduced significantly due to the impact of demonetisation.  

 

  1. India today successfully conducted a flight test of missile ‘Nirbhay’

India today successfully conducted a flight test of its indigenously designed and developed long-range sub-sonic cruise missile ‘Nirbhay’, which can carry warheads of up to 300 kg from a test range at Chandipur along the Odisha coast.

  • The state-of-the-art missile developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation was test fired successfully.

 

  1. Thick blanket of smog envelopes Northern India including the national capital; 

The National Green Tribunal pulled up the Delhi, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana governments as the national capital reeled under heavy smog.

  • A bench headed by NGT Chairperson Justice Swatanter Kumar criticized the state governments for not being prepared in advance to tackle the emergency situation.
  • It asked them to explain the reason as to why preventive and precautionary measures were not taken to control the severe air quality in the region as it was reported earlier that such a situation was likely to arise.

 

The Supreme Court mandated Environment Pollution  (Prevention and Control) Authority, EPCA, has recommended four-fold hike in parking fees to tackle the severe air quality in Delhi- NCR.

  • It also recommended reduction of metro fares during off-peak hours for at least 10 days and introduce more coaches and frequent services.          
  • Delhi and neighbouring states have been instructed to strengthen the public transport system by introducing more buses.

 

  • The EPCA announced a series of measures including complete closure of brick kilns, hot mix plants and stone crushers across the region till further notice.

 

The Centre has appealed to Delhi and adjoining states to take effective steps for mitigating the levels of air pollution in NCR and bring them to acceptable levels.

  • It has also requested Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh governments to implement the ban related to stubble burning in view of deteriorating air pollution.    

 

  1. SHe Box – online complaint management system

Women and Child Development Minister said that her Ministry is dedicated to address grievances of sexual harassment at work place.

  • An online complaint management system – SHe Box – against sexual harassment at work place was launched in New Delhi.
  • Earlier this system was for employees of government sector only, and around 346 complaints have been registered.
  • Now, this system is open for every women working anywhere in the country.

 

 

  1. India has pledged towards the UN partnership fund

India has pledged at the 2017 UN Pledging Conference for Development Activities, an additional 100 million US Dollar towards the UN partnership fund, significantly scaling up it support to sustainable development projects across the developing world.

  • This contribution would be in addition to India’s contribution of 10.582 million US dollar to various other UN programmes.

 

  1. AstroSat imager accurately measures X-ray polarisation of Crab pulsar

AstroSat, India’s multi-wavelength space telescope, has successfully measured the X-ray polarisation of the Crab Pulsar in the Tarus constellation.

This landmark measurement puts up a strong challenge to prevailing theories of high energy X-ray emission from pulsars.

 

High energy Pulsars

  • The universe is home to many types of exotic objects, with conditions drastically different from the Earth. Neutron stars and black holes are examples of such objects.
  • Having an extremely large mass condensed in a very small volume, these objects possess extremely strong gravitational and magnetic fields
  • They are known to be sources of intense X-ray radiation, electromagnetic waves similar to light but having ten to hundred thousand times higher energy.

 

X-ray Polarisation

Astronomers have extensively studied various properties of X-ray radiation to piece together a complete picture of compact objects and their immediate surroundings. 

  • However, the puzzle often remains incomplete due the missing information about the elusive properties of X-rays known as polarisation.
  • X-ray polarisation measurement is so difficult, that so far the only reliable measurement obtained worldwide is for the pulsar in the Crab Nebula – the ghostly remains of a massive stellar explosion known as supernova.

 

Study using the data from CZT Imager instrument

Indian scientists using data from the CZT Imager instrument of the AstroSat satellite have performed the most sensitive measurement of X-ray polarisation of the Crab pulsar, the rotating neutron star which is the main energy source of the nebula.

  • These measurements have, for the first time, enabled the study of polarisation at different rotation phases of the pulsar.