Insights Daily Current Affairs, 03 November 2017
GS2 Topic: Issues relating to Health, Education, Human Resources
President inaugurates 21st World Congress of Mental Health, calls for fighting stigma
World Congress of Mental Health is taking place in India for the first time.
- Our National Mental Health Survey 2016 found that close to 14 per cent of India’s population required active mental health interventions. About two per cent suffered from severe mental disorders.
- Biggest obstacle that mental health patients have to encounter is stigma and denial. This leads to the issue being ignored or simply not discussed.
- A second biggest obstacle is that of human resources.There are only about five thousand psychiatrists and less than two thousand clinical psychologists in our country.
- We need to talk about mental health issues and treat ailments such as depression and stress as diseases that can be cured
- India’s National Mental Health Programme is building 22 centres of excellence in the field of mental health. In parallel, the District Mental Health Programme has already covered 517 of the approximately 650 districts in India. It is taking the conversation about mental health to the grassroots of our society.
- To spread awareness, it is important to build partnerships between the public and private sectors and between the government and civil society organisations.
- It would also be valuable to stitch together community support networks.
- The World Congress will also have sessions on yoga, meditation and traditional approaches to mental health. It will tap into our wealth of traditional knowledge and link it’s learning to modern research on mental health. This will promote a holistic approach to mental health-care and can combine the best of different fields of practice.
- Information Technology and telemedicine are also coming of aid. Such technologies are linking doctors and counsellors in cities to mental health patients in rural areas. As Internet penetration expands in our country, this holds much potential.
GS2 Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.
7th Asian Energy Ministers’ Round Table organised by International Energy Forum (IEF) in Bangkok
India is the current Chair of the IEF
- How to overcome market and policy hurdles.
- Importance of a flexible, transparent and non-discriminatory global LNG trading regime which would expedite ushering in the golden age of gas.
- Need to move to a gas based economy and the avenues for FDI in building infrastructure for gas including LNG terminals, pipelines, CGD etc.
India’s unprecedented leap of 30 places in the ease of doing business and also how PM Ujjwala Scheme can be a model to be adopted in developing countries of Asia and Africa was also highlighted in the meet
International Energy Forum (IEF):
IEF is the largest inter-governmental organisation in the field of oil and gas comprising 72 member countries, accounting for 90% of global supply and demand of oil and gas. Members include developing, developed, OPEC, Non-OPEC and G20 countries. 18 of the G20 countries are members of IEF.
GS3 Topic: Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance
World Food India 2017
- It is a three-day event, which is organised by the Food Processing Industries Ministry, will see investors, manufacturers, producers, food processors, policy makers and organisations from all over the world.
- The event aims to facilitate participation between domestic and international businesses
- This is the first time that India is hosting such an event for the food processing sector.
- Over 800 kg khichdi will be prepared live on November 4 at the World Food India event in a bid to create world record and popularise it as brand India food globally.
World Food India:
World Food India aims to transform food economy and realize the vision of doubling of farmers’ income by establishing India as a preferred investment destination and sourcing hub for the global food processing industry.
- India has geared up for a revolution in the food processing sector and it was clear that the global companies were eagerly looking towards India for collaboration.
- World Food India platform will strengthen India’s position as a global food factory and is a positive step towards making the country food secure.
- India is expected to attract an investment of $10 billion in food processing sector and generate one million jobs in the next three years.
Various schemes and programs initiated by the Government to achieve the target of Doubling of Farmers’ Income by 2022:
- Special focus on irrigation with sufficient budget, with the aim of “Per Drop More Crop”.
- Provision of quality seeds and nutrients based on soil health of each field.
- Large investments in Warehousing and Cold Chains to prevent post-harvest crop losses.
- Promotion of value addition through food processing.
- Creation of a National Farm Market, removing distortions and e-platform across 585 Stations.
- Introduction of a New Crop Insurance Scheme to mitigate risks at an affordable cost.
- Promotion of ancillary activities like poultry, beekeeping, and fisheries.
Source: times now, pib
GS3 Topic: Ecology and Environment
Blackbuck conservation reserve to come up in U.P.
A wildlife conservation reserve dedicated exclusively to the blackbuck is coming up over 126 hectares in the trans-Yamuna region of Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh.
- The State cabinet has approved a Blackbuck Conservation Reserve in the Meja forest division that is known for its rocky, undulating and arid terrain.
- The area has more than 200 species of birds and herbivores like blackbucks and bluebull, and carnivores like jackals and striped hyena.
- There are a few national parks and sanctuaries inhabited by blackbuck in the country, like the Velavadar Wildlife Sanctuary in Gujarat and the Ranibennur Blackbuck Sanctuary in Karnataka. However, there are not many conservation reserves exclusively dedicated to the antelope.
- Blackbucks, known for their majestic spiral horns and coat colour contrasts, are found in grasslands and open forests.
- They once ruled the open savannahs of north and central India, but are now restricted to just a few patches and habitats, primarily due to human population growth, ecosystem degradation and hunting.
- The conservation of blackbuck can be done in an effective way.
- It will also create awareness about biodiversity conservation and provide opportunities for people’s participation.
- Eco-tourism will be encouraged and locals will get opportunities for employment.
Source: the hindu
GS3 Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.
India offers to share real-time maritime data
India has made an offer to share intelligence of maritime movements in the Indian Ocean in real-time with 10 Indian Ocean littoral States.
- 10 Indian Ocean littoral States to benefit from initiative
- The information to be shared includes movement of commercial traffic as well as intelligence.
- The information sharing is not so much for conventional military purposes but to deal with non-traditional threats arising at sea
- This comes even as India gears up to counter China’s increased presence in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR).
Goa Maritime Conclave (GMC):
The Goa Maritime Conclave (GMC) was inaugurated at the Tarang Auditorium of INS Mandovi, Goa. The conclave was aimed at “Addressing Regional Maritime Challenges” wherein the deliberations were focused on emerging maritime threats and force structuring, maritime domain awareness, maritime security architecture, and maritime security challenges in the Indian Ocean Region(IOR).
Significance of GMC:
- GMC aims to bring together like minded nations to evolve and formulate collective responses to emerging challenges in the maritime domain.
- It would also provide an opportunity to communicate our viewpoints in a forthright manner and collectively shape a favourable maritime environment for all countries in the region.
- Political and economic interactions between the stake holders in the IOR has great impact on regional dynamics in international geo-politics.
Source: the hindu
GS3 Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc
PowerGrid completes extending grid connectivity to Leh-Ladakh region
- This is the first time in the country that any 220kV voltage level substation is built at such a high altitude of over 11,500 feet.
- It is a prestigious project of Indian government to extend grid connectivity to difficult geographical areas of Leh- Ladhakh Region in Jammu and Kashmir.
- Implementation of Srinagar-Leh Transmission System has been entrusted to Power Grid Corporation of India Limited.
- The commissioning of these elements will facilitate delivery of power from the Nimmo Bazgo Hydro-electric power stations in Leh/Ladhakh Region, with reliability.
Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (POWERGRID), is an Indian state-owned electric utility company headquartered in Gurugram, India. POWERGRID transmits about 50% of the total power generated in India on its transmission network.
- A “Navaratna” Central Public Sector Enterprise.
- India’s largest Electric Power Transmission Utility
- Third Largest Public Sector Enterprise in terms of Gross Block
GS3 Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate
PAN Indian Army Release of Integrated Quarter Master Package (IQMP) Software Application
Integrated Quarter Master Package (IQMP):
- IQMP is web based software developed by Army Software Development Centre in association with M/s TCS Ltd.
- The application automates various logistics related functions of an Army Unit. The application will replace numerous legacy applications such as ‘Vastra’ and ‘Quarter Master Package’.
- The application can be dynamically configured to meet the specific requirements of various types of Army units and is capable of sharing information and data with other software applications in the domain of logistics management.
- The software has been developed with the aim of bringing speed, accuracy and transparency in handling logistics aspects in the unit.
- It will also play an important role in achieving automation of Indian Army and prove to be a significant milestone towards ‘Digital Army’ in consonance with the ‘Digital India initiative’ of the government.
GS3 Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
Etikoppaka toys get GI tag, artisans cheer
The Etikoppaka toys are not only popular in Andhra Pradesh but also gained their popularity all over the country and abroad over the years. But this art form suffered a setback in the last decade. The exports to the US and Europe, which were to the tune of Rs 50 to 80 lakh per annum, were stopped in 2007 when the importers insisted on GI certification and heavy metal analysis, both not in the hands of the villagers.
- Etikoppaka toys, popularly known as Lakkapidathalu, finally received Geographical Indication by the Registration of Geographical Indication.
- The artisans are yet to get heavy metal analysis certificate for exporting to the US and European countries.
- Facing a new threat from dumping of identical Chinese wooden toys into the markets
- Getting little help from the government, the artisans are now looking for online trading agencies to sell their products.
Geographical Indications of Goods are defined as that aspect of industrial property which refer to the geographical indication referring to a country or to a place situated therein as being the country or place of origin of that product. Typically, such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to the fact of its origin in that defined geographical locality, region or country.
Source: hans india
GS3 Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc
INDIA SET TO BECOME AN AVIATION HUB: VICE PRESIDENT
India will soon emerge as an aviation hub not only in terms of increased air connectivity but also in terms of Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul (MRO) facilities and setting up of ancillary units.
Positive trends seen:
- India is witnessing a high-growth trajectory and set to become the third-largest aviation market in the world in terms of passengers by 2026
- With increasing disposable incomes and a burgeoning middle class, air travel will witness further spurt in the years ahead.
- Government’s Udan scheme seeks in promoting regional connectivity by serving the un-served and under-served airports.
- Connecting Tier-II cities, pilgrim towns and historic places with the wider air routes is important for boosting tourism and business travel.
Facts for Prelims:
- A FASTag is a device that employs radio frequency identification (RFID) technology for making toll payments directly from the prepaid or savings account linked to it. it will be mandatory from December 01 for all new four-wheelers to have FASTag devices fixed on the front windscreens by automobile manufacturers or authorised dealers.
- The Border Roads Organisation has constructed the world’s highest motorable road in the Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir. The 86-km-long road passing through Umlingla Top is at a height of over 19,300 feet.
- A 14 days joint training exercise ‘PRABAL DOSTYK 2017’ between the Indian Army and the Kazakhstan Army commenced at Bakloh, Himachal Pradesh.