All India Radio News Summary: 14 SEPTEMBER 2017

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All India Radio News Summary: 14 SEPTEMBER 2017


  1. 12th Indo-Japan annual Summit meeting at Gandhinagar

Prime Minister and his Japanese counterpart jointly laid the foundation stone of the country’s first bullet train project between Ahmedabad and Mumbai. The train will cover a distance of over 500 kilometres in around two hours. The project is expected to be completed by 2022. Japan has extended a soft loan for the project.

The two leaders also laid the foundation stone of a dedicated High Speed Rail Training Institute for the bullet train to be established inside the existing campus for the National Academy of Indian Railways at Vadodara. Indian PM said,

  • The bullet train the biggest gift from Japan to India. He called the moment historic and said the high speed rail corridor will give a new momentum to the development of New India.
  • The bullet train will not only bring about economic transformation but will also lead to social transformation of the country.
  • The project will strengthen the Make in India initiative as large number of employment opportunities will be created in the country.
  • The economic aid, technology and skill transfer by Japan will not only benefit the Indian railway sector but will be beneficial for human resource development of the country.
  • He said, four locations have been finalized for development of Japanese Industrial Townships in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
  • He said the growing convergence between Japan and India on strategic and economic issues has capacity to stimulate the global economy.

The Japan Prime Minister called this historic moment as a confluence of the Indian ocean with Pacific Ocean and vowed for developing a new world order based on these oceans.

  • He said, strong India is in the interest of Japan likewise a Strong Japan is in the interest of India.
  • Expressing the commitment of his government towards the Make in India Intiative, he said Indian Human Resource coupled with Japanese skill and technology, will make India a manufacturing hub of the world.
  • Calling Shinkansen bullet train as one of the safest train networks in the world, he said Japan will share with India the expertise of safe transport which will help the entire Indian rail network.

The Bullet Train project will be a stimulus for India’s manufacturing and construction sector while creating new job opportunities.

Later, India and Japan signed 15 agreements for enhancing bilateral co-operation in several key areas including investment promotion, civil aviation and science and technology, disaster risk management, skill development besides other Economic and Commercial agreements.  

  • The agreements were signed in the presence of both the leaders after the 12th India-Japan summit talks in Gandhinagar. The two leaders also reviewed the entire spectrum of bilateral co-operation.
  • Both the leaders condemned the growing menace of terrorism and violent extremism in the strongest terms. In a joint statement, both the leaders shared the view that terrorism in all its forms and manifestations is a global menace that must be forcefully combated through concerted global action with the spirit of zero tolerance.
  • The two Prime Ministers also called upon Pakistan to bring to justice the perpetrators of attacks including those of the November 2008 terrorist attack in Mumbai and the 2016 terrorist attack in Pathankot.
  • They also called upon all countries to work towards rooting out terrorist safe havens.

 

  1. Home Ministry has directed over 1200 NGOs to validate their bank accounts

Home Ministry has directed over 1200 NGOs across the country to validate their bank accounts in which they receive foreign contribution. In a circular, the Ministry said, a number of such non-governmental organisations have not validated their foreign contributions designated accounts which are  causing problems for the banks to comply with the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA) provisions.

  • The Home Ministry said, all NGOs registered under the FCRA should receive foreign donations in a single designated bank account.
  • The Ministry said, these associations are required to validate their foreign accounts and also the utilisation accounts immediately and send the details to the government.
  • It said, non-compliance may lead to penal actions as per FCRA 2010.
  • The Centre has already cancelled registration of more than ten thousand NGOs  in the last three years for alleged non-filing of annual returns as mandated in the FCRA.  

 

  1. GST Council should consider bringing the petroleum products in the ambit of the GST, says Petroleum Minister

Petroleum Minister says it is high time that the GST Council should consider bringing the petroleum products in the ambit of the GST.

  • Minister said, 42 per cent of excise collections are transferred to state government for infrastructure and welfare programmes and many state governments have also drastically increased VAT.
  • The Minister also ruled out the government intervention to disrupt the daily revision in petrol and diesel prices, saying the reform will continue.

 

  1. India Post Payments Bank is gearing up to provide its financial services

India Post Payments Bank is gearing up to provide its financial services through all of 1.55 lakh post offices and 3 lakh employees by the end of 2018 , which will create India’s second-largest payments bank in terms of reach. India Post will have bank footprint in every district by March 2018.

Payments banks can accept deposits of up to one lakh rupees per account from individuals and small businesses.

 

  1. Hindi day is being celebrated across the country today.

Hindi day is being celebrated across the country today. It was on this day in 1949 that the Constituent Assembly adopted Hindi written in Devanagari as the official language of the country.

  • On the occasion, President gave away the Rajbhasha awards 2016-17 at a function in New Delhi.
  • The Rajbhasha awards were instituted by the Department of Official Language of Home Ministry to recognize the excellent contribution of Ministries, Departments and Nationalized Banks to promote Hindi.
  • The President appealed to the countrymen to adopt Hindi with a great zeal saying that the language can bind the whole world into one thread.
  • He also suggested to the doctors to prescribe the names of medicines in Hindi as it will result in greater interaction between doctors and patients.
  • The President said, it is important that Hindi speaking people respect the non-Hindi people and their languages.

 

  1. Operation Insaniyat

India has started Operation Insaniyat to provide assistance to Bangladesh in response to the humanitarian crisis being faced on account of the large influx of Rohingya refugees into that country from Myanmar.

  • The External Affairs Ministry said, relief material consisting of food items and mosquito nets will be provided to the affected people. The relief material will be delivered in multiple consignments, and the first tranche will be brought to Chittagong by an Indian Air Force plane today.
  • The Ministry said, India has always responded readily and swiftly to any crisis in Bangladesh, in view of the close ties of friendship between the people of the two countries.
  • It said, India stands ready to provide any assistance required by Bangladesh in this hour of need.

 

  1. NGT refused to lift a ban on 10-year-old diesel vehicles in the Delhi-National Capital Region

The National Green Tribunal (NGT) refused to lift a ban on 10-year-old diesel vehicles in the Delhi-National Capital Region. The NGT dismissed the Centre’s plea seeking modification of its ban order on diesel vehicles. The tribunal said, one diesel vehicle causes pollution equal to 24 petrol vehicles and 40 CNG vehicles

NGT Jurisdiction

The Tribunal has Original Jurisdiction on matters of substantial question relating to environment and damage to environment due to specific activity.

  • However, there is no specific method defined in Law for determining “substantial” damage to environment, property or public health. There is restricted access to an individual only if damage to environment is substantial.
  • The powers of tribunal related to an award are equivalent to Civil court and tribunal may transmit any order/award to civil court have local jurisdiction;
  • However, the tribunal does not follow civil law. It follows principles of natural justice.
  • The Bill specifies that an application for dispute related to environment can be filled within six months only when first time dispute arose
  • Also Tribunal is competent to hear cases for several acts such as Forest (Conservation) Act, Biological Diversity Act, Environment (Protection) Act, Water & Air (Prevention & control of Pollution) Acts and also have appellate jurisdiction related to above acts after establishment of Tribunal within a period of 30 days of award or order received by aggrieved party.
  • Decision taken by majority of members shall be binding and every order of Tribunal shall be final.
  • Any person aggrieved by an award, decision, or order of the Tribunal may appeal to the Supreme Court within 90 days of commencement of award but Supreme Court can entertain appeal even after 90 days if appellant satisfied SC by giving sufficient reasons.

 

  1. Central Board of Secondary Education, CBSE, has asked schools to install CCTV cameras at all vulnerable areas

Central Board of Secondary Education, CBSE, has asked schools to install CCTV cameras at all vulnerable areas in their premises and ensure that they are functional at all times.  

  • It has also instructed them to get the police verification and psychometric evaluation done for all the staff, including bus drivers, conductors and peons, very carefully and in a detailed manner.
  • This comes in the wake of the recent incident of killing of a class II student in a private school in Gurugram.  
  • In its guidelines to all affiliated schools , the CBSE  has directed that the access to school building by outsiders should be controlled and  visitors must be monitored.
  • The Board has also directed for strictly adherence of guidelines issued by it and the Human Resource Development Ministry from time to time, saying any violation will invite appropriate action, including the disaffiliation of the school.
  • In its detailed guidelines, the CBSE has asked schools to get the security and safety audit of their premises done and also of the personnel by their respective local police station.
  • The Board has instructed that supporting staff should be employed only from authorized agencies and proper records should be maintained.
  • Besides that, CBSE have also been asked to constitute a parent-teacher-students committee to address the safety needs of the students and to take regular feedback.

CBSE guidelines will hopefully bear results in the coming days and secure tiny tots from falling prey to any untoward incidents.

  1. Swacchata Hi Sewa campaign

A nationwide campaign Swacchata Hi Sewa will begin from 16th September.

  • The objective of the campaign is to mobilise people and reinforce the Jan Aandolan for sanitation to contribute to Mahatma Gandhi’s dream of a Clean India.
  • President will formally launch it from Kanpur in Uttar Pradesh.
  • He will administer a nation-wide Swachhta Hi Seva pledge initiating parallel action in all the two lakh 50 thousand plus Gram Panchayats and cities in India.