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Insights Learning (I-Learning) TEST 4 : 07 – 20 August, 2017


I-Learning Test 4 : 07 – 20 August 2017


  1. Ahar-pyne system of irrigation


It is an indigenous irrigation technology. This system has evolved from an understanding of the particular agro-climatic conditions of the South Bihar plains of India.

  • Ahars are reservoirs and consist of a major embankment across the line of the drainage with two side embankments running backwards up to the line of the drainage gradually losing their heights because of the gradient of the surface.
  • Thus, an ahar resembles a rectangular catchment basin with only three embankments, and the fourth side left open for the drainage water to enter the catchment basin following the natural gradient of the country.

 A model of water conservation adopted successfully by the authorities in Nalanda district of south central Bihar, has been selected for the national award for excellence in the Mahatma Gandhi national rural employment guarantee programme (MGNREGP), by the ministry of rural development.

  • The award for excellence will be conferred on ‘Project Jal Sanchay’, the water conservation model.
  • ‘Project jal sanchay’ was launched under MGRNREGP, to offer farmers a wide spectrum of solutions to water crisis.

Source: As mentioned above



  1. Maritime Choke Points


lombok strait maritime choke points strait of malacca


The Bab-el-Mandeb or Mandeb Strait is a strait located between Yemen on the Arabian Peninsula, and Djibouti and Eritrea in the Horn of Africa. It connects the Red Sea to the Gulf of Aden.

The Lombok Strait, connects the Java Sea to the Indian Ocean, and is located between the islands of Bali and Lombok in Indonesia. The Gili Islands are on the Lombok side.

Strait of Malacca: From an economic and strategic perspective, it is one of the most important shipping lanes in the world.

The strait is the main shipping channel between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean, linking major Asian economies such as India, China, Japan, Taiwan, and South Korea.

Source: Map-based



  1. South Asia Growth Quadrangle (SAGQ)



It was launched in 1997 by the Foreign Ministers of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, and Nepal (BBIN).

SAARC in 1997 endorsed SAGQ as a sub-regional initiative under SAARC.

The goals of SAGQ are:

  • to create an enabling environment for accelerating economic growth;
  • to overcome infrastructural constraints;
  • to make optimal use of and further develop the complementarities in the subregion, and
  • to improve policy coordination

The South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) Program, set up in 2001, brings together Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal and Sri Lanka in a project-based partnership to promote regional prosperity by improving cross-border connectivity, boosting trade among member countries, and strengthening regional economic cooperation.

Source: Additional Research:



  1. Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM)



It is a set of technical standards for e-learning software products.

  • SCORM tells programmers how to write their code so that it can “play well” with other e-learning software.
  • It is the de facto industry standard for e-learning interoperability.
  • Specifically, SCORM governs how online learning content and Learning Management Systems (LMSs) communicate with each other (for e.g. similar standards for DVD players across countries).
  • SCORM does not speak to instructional design or any other pedagogical concern — it is purely a technical standard.

Source: Picked from the objectives of NMECIT



  1. Salt production – India


salt production

When India attained Independence in 1947, salt was being imported from the United Kingdom & Adens to meet its domestic requirement. 

But today it has not only achieved self-sufficiency in production of salt to meet its domestic requirement but also in a position of exporting surplus salt to foreign countries. 

India today is the third largest Salt producing Country in the World after China and USA with Global annual production being about 230 million tonnes.  Apart from sea brine, salt is derived in India from

  • Sub-soil brine
  • Rock salt deposits
  • Lake brine
  • Inland Salt Works in Rajasthan using lake brine and sub-soil brine viz. Sambhar Lake, Nawa, Rajas, Kuchhaman, Sujangarh and Phalodi.
  • Salt works in Rann of Kutch using sub-soil brine viz: Kharaghoda, Dhrangadhra; Santalpur.
  • Rock Salt Deposits at Mandi in the State of Himachal Pradesh
  • Marine Salt works can be found along the coast of Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa and West Bengal.

Source: Additional Research: