All India Radio New Summary – 14th August 2017

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All India Radio New Summary – 14th August 2017


  1. Children’s death tragedy at BRD Medical College at Gorakhpur

Background:

60 children die in Baba Raghav Das Medical College in a week amid oxygen supply disruption.

  • Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister has said that strict action will be taken against all those found guilty of negligence and dereliction of duties in the children’s death tragedy.
  • The Supreme Court today refused to take cognisance of the recent deaths of children at a government hospital at Gorakhpur in Uttar Pradesh. The bench comprising Chief Justice J S Khehar and Justice D Y Chandrachud asked the petitioner to approach the Allahabad High Court with his grievances. The court observed that the authorities were handling the situation and the grievances, if any, have to be raised before the high court concerned.
  • The National Human Rights Commission today issued a notice to the Uttar Pradesh government seeking a detailed report in the matter of several deaths of children in the BRD Medical College, Gorakhpur. In its notice to the Chief Secretary, the Commission has also asked to file reports about the steps taken for relief and rehabilitation of the affected families and action taken against the guilty officers. The commission has asked the Chief Secretary to file his reply within four weeks.

 

  1. Gorkhaland statehood movement in Darjeeling

Background:

Gorkhaland consists of Nepali-speaking people of Darjeeling, Kalimpong, Kurseong and other hilly districts. The people belonging to these areas hardly have any connection with the Bengali community and are different in ethnicity, culture and language.

The mass movement for Gorkhaland has been taking  place under the leadership of Gorkha Janmurti Morcha (GJM) supremo Bimal Gurung. The 2007 Gorkha uprising intensifies, following the 2005 Centre and state government initiative for a permanent solution of this region by bringing it to the sixth schedule of the constitution giving some degree of autonomy to a predominantly tribal area. But the Gorkhas opposed this sixth schedule and instead demanded statehood.

Current News:

Union Home Minister has appealed to the leaders of the Gorkhaland statehood movement in Darjeeling to call off their agitation. In a meeting with the leaders of Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJM), Home Minister appealed to them to allow returning of normalcy in the area which will help to create an atmosphere for finding a solution to the current crisis. He also urged the West Bengal Chief Minister to initiate dialogue with the hill parties. The Home Minister expressed concern about the developments in Darjeeling, the loss of lives and sufferings of people over the past 60 days. He said violence can never be a solution to any problem and the solutions are always found through restraint, mutual dialogue and within the legal ambit in a democracy.

The Minister also said that the state government should restore all civil supplies, internet services, Cable TV and local channels in the region.

  1. PM’s Sankalp se Sidhhi

Prime Minister’s slogan of Sankalp se Sidhhi  has been very inspiring for all sections of the society.

  • In Uttar Pradesh, District Magistrates have taken initiative to formulate their agenda for the progress of their respective districts following call of Prime Minister and steps have been taken to set up an Agriculture Science Centre at the district to improve farming. 

 

  • Responding to the Prime Minister’s call, Several District Collectors in Telangana state have begun preparing vision documents for their respective districts.
    • Hyderabad In-charge Collector said Geo tagging of all the lands will be completed during next 5 years as the land survey has been done only 40 years ago.
    • Suryapet District is one of the newly formed districts in Telangana. Its Collector prepared an ambitious plan to achieve 100 per cent literacy and Digital literacy in next Five Years. Interestingly, issues like improvement of education and public health institutions to corporate standards, increasing the green cover in the district and utilizing the local resources for improved livelihoods of local people are also occupying the district vision documents

 

Prime Minister addressing District Magistrates recently asked them to achieve the target of major programmes of rural development by the year 2022. Taking action in this direction, district magistrate of Rudraprayag in Uttarakhand has prepared a working plan to be executed soon. The opportunities for livelihood will be created in the district by adding MGNREGA to other schemes run by the state government.

 

       4.   Road accident in Himachal Pradesh

In Himachal Pradesh, rescue efforts are on at Manali-Pathankot National Highway in Kotrupi area of Mandi district where two buses of Himachal Road Transport Corporation were buried under a massive landslide. The rescue teams of army, NDRF and Police are thoroughly searching the area.

 

  1. Floods in East and North East India

                Flood   situation continues to be grim in various parts of the country especially in Bihar and NE states of India.

  • Bihar –

12 districts, including Sitamarhi, Darbhanga, Madhubani, East and West Champaran, Purnea, Kishanganj, Araria and Katihar are reeling under the impact of floods. Four teams of army, 33 teams of NDRF and SDRF are carrying out rescue operations. Chief Minister will make an aerial survey of the flood affected areas

 

  • Assam –

The second wave of floods within a span of 15 days in Assam caused major damages to infrastructure. Flood water damaged roads, bridges, embankments and huge crop areas. Rescue and relief measures are being carried out in a war footing. Several rivers including the Brahmaputra are continuously flowing above the danger level. Eighty percent areas of Kaziranga national park are submerged due to flood. Over 22 lakh people are reeling under the fury of flood in 21 districts. Eighteen persons have died so far in current surge of water.

 

  • Arunachal Pradesh –

In Anjaw district, food crisis looms large as the main road connecting the district through Lohit has been blocked due to recurring landslides triggered by heavy rainfall. In West Siang District, flash flood destroyed standing crops. Landslides have also blocked the NH 415.

  • Meghalaya

Incessant rainfall for the past few days has wreaked havoc in the capital city of Shillong and other parts of the East Khasi Hills district.

In Uttarakhand, at least 20 people are feared killed in a landslide following cloudburst in the remote area of Dharchula tehsil in Pithoragarh District.

Health experts have expressed fear of spreading water borne diseases in flood affected areas 

 

  1. 71st Indepence Day Celebratons

President’s Speech:

Our country will complete 75 years of Independence in 2022, the President said, it is our national resolve to attain certain desired milestones for a New India.

President Ram Nath Kovind has called for making a New India by 2022 which must include a compassionate and egalitarian society that does not discriminate on gender or religious background

  • New India must be a compassionate society where the traditionally disadvantaged, whether SCs, STs or OBCs, are part of our national developmental process. A compassionate society where the deprived child, the aged and the ailing senior citizen, and the poor and the under-privileged are always in our thought. A compassionate and egalitarian society that does not discriminate on gender or religious background.
  • Giving thrust on education, the President said, a compassionate society enriches human capital and equips young people by promoting accessible, affordable and world-class educational institutions.
  • A New India, contains some obvious parameters – like a house for every family, power on demand, better roads and telecom, a modern railway network, rapid and sustained growth.
  • Demonetisation has boosted our efforts to build an honest society. We must sustain this spirit and this momentum.
  • President stressed on the need to adopt technology to empower people and achieve the goal of poverty elimination in a single generation adding that poverty and new India are not compatible.
  • The countrymen to think of society with an extra degree of selflessness.
  • The President said, the world is looking at India with admiration and India is seen as a growing economy and a solution provider to various international challenges including climate change, radicalism and terrorism.
  • Speaking about our Soldiers he said, our soldiers who guard our borders, on a hot day in the desert or high up on a cold mountain, are not just doing their duty, they are displaying an extra degree of selflessness. 
  • Appealed to countrymen to draw inspiration from those families who voluntarily gave up their LPG subsidies.
  • To help educate less-privileged children in our society. 
  • The government is promoting the idea of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao but  it is for the  people to ensure that daughters are not discriminated against and get the best education.

               

Prime Minister’s Speech:

In his last three speeches, the Prime Minister unveiled a number of schemes from the Red Fort, which have found great acceptance from the people.

  • In 2014,
    • Prime Minister  gave the clarion call for Swacchh Bharat. The result is visible across the country.
    • He also launched Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana to connect the poorest of the poor with banking facilities.
    • Make in India was a visionary decision to manufacture things indigenously, be it satellite or submarine, to sell it across the globe.
    • Nation was given a new identity with the announcement of Digital India
    • Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana saw light of the day, where MPs were to adopt one village of his or her constituency to turn it into a model village.
  • In 2015,
    • PM pledged to tackle corruption, weed out black money, and provide electricity to more than 18,000 villages which could not get electricity even after decades of Independence.
    • He also announced to do away with interview for group C and D posts in Central government.
  • Last year,
    • the Prime Minister gave thrust on good governance and making the lives of people better.
    • He also proudly announced that over two crore toilets have been built and over 70 thousand villages have been freed from open defecation.

A billion people are waiting with bated breath to see what Prime Minister has in store for them this year

 

  1. India-ASEAN Youth Summit

The India-ASEAN Youth Summit begins in Bhopal this evening. Over 175 delegations of youths from Indonesia, Singapore, Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam and India will attend the Summit.

 

  1. The Supreme Court has listed the plea challenging validity of Article 35A of Constitution

                A five-judge Constitution bench may look into the various aspects of Article 35A, related to special rights and privileges of the citizens of Jammu and Kashmir

Article 35A and its features

  • Article 35A of the constitution empowers J&K legislature to define state’s “permanent residents” and their special rights and privileges.
  • It was added to the constitution through a presidential order of 1954 with the then J&K government’s concurrence under the 1952 Delhi Agreement between Sheik Abdullah and Nehru.
  • Several provisions of the Constitution were extended to J&K via presidential order in 1954. Article 35A was inserted then.

Permanent resident’s law prohibits non-permanent residents from permanent settlement in the state, acquiring immovable property, govt jobs, scholarships and aid. 

WHY IS ARTICLE 35A BEING DEBATED?

  • An NGO, We the Citizens, challenged 35A in SC in 2014 on grounds that it was not added to the Constitution through amendment under Article 368. It was never presented before Parliament, and came into effect immediately, the group argued. 
  • In another case in SC last month, two Kashmiri women argued that the state’s laws, flowing from 35A, had disenfranchised their children

 

  1. Terror Attack in Burkina Faso

At least 17 people were killed and eight wounded in a terror attack on a restaurant in Burkina Faso’s capital, Ouagadougou.

Burkina Faso, a landlocked nation in West Africa, is one of the poorest countries in the world. It shares a northern border with Mali, which has long battled Islamic extremists.