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Insights Daily Current Affairs, 23 August 2016

 

 

 


Insights Daily Current Affairs, 23 August 2016


 

Paper 2 Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 

Centre notifies Good Samaritan SOPs

 

The Centre has issued a notification ensuring that the affidavit of “Good Samaritan”, a person who voluntarily declares himself to be an eyewitness, shall be treated by the investigating officer as a final statement.

Background:

The notification is in response to Supreme Court directions in an October 2014 case of SaveLIFE Foundation asking the Centre to issue directions to save Good Samaritans until Parliament frames a law.

The court had directed the government to frame Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for the examination of a Good Samaritan. In March, the court approved the guidelines and the SOPs issued by the government with certain modifications.

Details:

  • According to the notification, the affidavit of Good Samaritan, if filed, shall be treated as a complete statement by the police official while conducting the investigation. In case, the statement is to be recorded, the complete statement shall be recorded in a single examination.
  • The crux of the guidelines is that no bystander rushing to the rescue of an accident victim should be subject to civil or criminal liability and/or be forced to be a witness.
  • Also, any disclosure of personal information or offer to be a witness, in the event of the Good Samaritan also being an eyewitness to an accident, ought to be voluntary. Further, the examination of such a volunteer as a witness shall be done only on a single occasion and without harassment or intimidation.

Centre, in April 2016, had issued notification for protection of Good Samaritans. Guidelines include:

  • Assuring Good Samaritans anonymity and protecting them from any civil or criminal liability for taking the victim to the nearest hospital.
  • They shall be treated respectfully and without discrimination on the grounds of gender, religion, nationality, caste or any other.
  • Complete anonymity in case the Good Samaritan does not want to reveal his name or details.
  • Use of video-conferencing in case of any further interaction with him by the authorities and provision for the police to examine him at his residence or office or any place of his convenience.

Sources: the hindu.


 

Paper 2 Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

 

EC to now review national, State status of political parties every 10 years

 

Election Commission (EC) has amended rules, whereby it will now review the national and state party status of political parties every ten years instead of the present five.

  • Recognition as a national or a State party ensures that the election symbol is not used by any other political entity in polls across India.

Details:

  • The commission has amended paragraph 6C of the Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order, 1968 to affect the change. It was last amended in 2011.
  • This change in rules will ensure that ruling parties do not lose their status due to anti-incumbency factor after every election.
  • However, the criteria of being recognised as a national and state party will remain unchanged.

To obtain a national status, political parties have to fulfil any of the three conditions:

  • Winning 2% seats or 11 seats in the Lok Sabha from at least three different states in the latest general election.
  • Recognition as a state party in at least four states.
  • Polling 6% of the total valid votes in at least four states, in addition to winning four Lok Sabha seats.

A political party shall be treated as a recognised political party in a State, if and only if the political party fulfills any of the following conditions:

  • At General Elections or Legislative Assembly elections, the party has won 3% of seats in the legislative assembly of the State (subject to a minimum of 3 seats).
  • At a Lok Sabha General Elections, the party has won 1 Lok sabha seat for every 25 Lok Sabha seat allotted for the State.
  • At a General Election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly , the party has polled minimum of 6% of votes in a State and in addition it has won 1 Lok Sabha or 2 Legislative Assembly seats.
  • At a General Election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party has polled 8% of votes in a State.

Benefits:

  • If a party is recognised as a State Party’, it is entitled for exclusive allotment of its reserved symbol to the candidates set up by it in the State in which it is so recognised, and if a party is recognised as a `National Party’ it is entitled for exclusive allotment of its reserved symbol to the candidates set up by it throughout India.
  • Recognised `State’ and `National’ parties need only one proposer for filing the nomination and are also entitled for two sets of electoral rolls free of cost at the time of revision of rolls and their candidates get one copy of electoral roll free of cost during General Elections.
  • They also get broadcast/telecast facilities over Akashvani/Doordarshan during general elections.
  • Political parties are entitled to nominate “Star Campaigners” during General Elections. A recognized National or State party can have a maximum of 40 “Star campaigners” and a registered un-recognised party can nominate a maximum of 20 ‘Star Campaigners”.
  • The travel expenses of star campaigners are not to be accounted for in the election expense accounts of candidates of their party.

Sources: the hindu.


 

Paper 3 Topic: Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.

 

Maharashtra to have own law for internal security

 

Maharashtra Government has proposed an internal security act to deal with the challenges of terrorism and communal and caste violence. The proposed legislation, ‘Maharashtra Protection of Internal Security Act, 2016,’ would be the first such state-level act for internal security which will give more power to the police department if implemented.

What’s there in the draft?

  • It proposes ‘special security zones’ where movement of arms, explosives and inflow of unaccounted funds will be prohibited.
  • Dams, defence institute bases, government buildings or facilities, nuclear reactors, transportation systems have been identified as ‘critical infrastructure sectors’ under the act.
  • It proposes a ban or regulation of production, sale, storage, possession or entry of any devices or equipment or poisonous, chemical, biological or radioactive article or substances, or electronic content of potentially explosive nature or any inflow of funds in the SSZ, if it is a threat to the internal security or public order in the area.
  • Every public establishment and government office shall carry out the security audit of its premises and every owner of the premises of the public establishment shall save video footage of public activities for a period of 30 days.
  • It will be compulsory for all the private institutions to have CCTV surveillance and security arrangements as guided by the police.
  • There would be a ‘state internal security committee’ with Home Minister as ex-officio Chairman, and include Minister of State (Home) and the Chief Secretary. It would oversee the implementation of this act and also review its implementation.
  • The act provides strict action against those who hamper the critical assets by means of facilities systems and equipments which if destroyed, degraded or rendered unavailable would affect reliability or operability of the system jeopardizing the national security or economic security. The act also has brought a check over public agitation.
  • As per the provisions in the act the prior police permission would be needed for any gathering where more than 100 people are expected. Many fear that this is a move to curtail public agitations. Even if the act clarifies that any bona fide act against the policies of the govt with a view to obtain their alteration by lawful and peaceful mean shall not be deemed as act intended to endanger the safety or the stability of the state.

Sources: the hindu.


 

Facts for Prelims:

 

  • Sunita Jain: She is a Hindi scholar and writer, who recently received the prestigious 25th Vyas Samman 2015 for her poetry collection Kshama. The award instituted by the K K Birla Foundation carries a cash prize of 2.50 lakh rupees. It is given annually to outstanding literary work in Hindi authored by an Indian citizen.
Sunita Jain hindi
Sunita Jain
  • National Sports Awards 2016 announced

The Union Government has announced the National Sports Awards for the year 2016. National Sports Awards are given every year to recognize and reward excellence in sports.

Awardees:

  • Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award: P.V. Sindhu, Sakshi Malik, Dipa Karmakar and Jitu Rai.
Rajiv-Gandhi-Khel-Ratna-Award-Winners-List
Rajiv-Gandhi-Khel-Ratna-Award
  • Dronacharya Award: Bishweshwar Nandi, Nagapuri Ramesh, Sagar Mal Dhayal, Raj Kumar Sharma, S. Pradeep Kumar and Mahabir Singh.
  • Arjuna and Dhyanchand awards have also been announced for various sportspersons.

Background:

Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna: The scheme was launched in the year 1991-92 with the objective of honouring sports persons to enhance their general status and to give them greater dignity and place of honour in society. Under this scheme, an amount of Rs. 5 lakhs is given as award for the most spectacular and outstanding performance in the field of sports by an individual sportsperson or a team.

DRONACHARYA AWARDS: The Dronacharya Award, instituted in 1985, honours eminent Coaches who have successfully trained sportspersons or teams and enabled them to achieve outstanding results in international competitions.

ARJUNA AWARDS: The Arjuna Awards were instituted in 1961. To be eligible for the Award, a sportsperson should have had not only good performance consistently for the previous three years at the international level with excellence for the year for which the Award is recommended, but also have shown qualities of leadership, sportsmanship and a sense of discipline.

Dhyan Chand Award is India’s highest award for lifetime achievement in sports and games. The award is named after the legendary Indian hockey player Dhyan Chand.