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AIR Spotlight: Prime Minister’s alert against fake Cow Vigilante



AIR Spotlight: Prime Minister’s alert against fake Cow Vigilante




Prime minister has called for strict action by states against vigilant groups, who have tried themselves to enforce cow slaughter law. We have a law in our country, enacted by states which are applicable to cow slaughter. There has been a lot of anguish in the country, the latest being in Gujarat, where there was beatings of Dalit youths.

The reason for this is to gain popularity in certain sections and motivation of business.

Highlights of Prime ministers address

  • Prime Minister was very clear that the cow vigilantism in parts of the country is done by anti social elements. This is an intolerable situation and needs to be corrected.
  • Prime minister has given a direction to the nation that anti social elements cannot rule.
  • The basis of modern democracy is to treat individual with dignity. Self respect of the people is to be restored and the prime minister’s speech will go a long way in rebuilding the confidence
  • The prime minister’s appeal will bring an end to all these things.

According to constitution there is a Directive and majority of the states have the provision of banning cow slaughter.

Social and political aspect

  • It is very complicated issue and it involves social fabric, commerce, and also economy. Either in the context of community i.e. Dalit in particular or the poor cannot be attacked.    
  • Empathy is essential. It is the duty to treat every individual as a sacred entity. The India’s fabric built on constitutional democracy is quite an important indicator of our stability and any violation of that will not be tolerated.
  • Enforcement of law is a state subject. Every state government has the responsibility and authority to enforce law on taking action against vigilant groups. We have seen a case registered against a Punjab gau rakshak samiti in Punjab. This was the first action after Prime ministers address. Justice should be brought to the people who have suffered
  • Law should be enforced by authorities and not by mobs. In the context of cow vigilantism something else is happening.
  • Even Gandiji’s ideas were targeted towards social reforms rather than on political mileage. With the continuation of this sprit, after long years on independence, the large segment of Dalits are still poor. Gandiji’s ideas of social awareness and motivation for doing good to the people have still not achieved even after many years of independence and economic development.  

Economic aspect

  • The economic aspect should be equally highlighted. The meat export and the relation with the economy.
  • India is the 5th largest exporter of leather in the world. Almost $6 billion of trade happened in 2015. Raw hides are the beginning of the chain in leather industry. This is labour intensive and creates lot of jobs and if those jobs shrink, that will have a repercussion in the entire economic system.
  • The council for leather exports estimates that, this sector generates 2.5 million jobs in a year. We should look to expand the employment opportunity in this area, because unemployment is one of the serious problems in India. We should create proper atmosphere so that these industries can grow and absorb more and more people.  

Other aspects

  • Dalits have been at the receiving end. There are reports that, some vigilant groups are collecting money and allowing trade and cattle being shifted from one state to another
  • This is also a question of livelihood. The cow vigilantism, instead of looking at the problem of cow slaughter, should have concentrated on the issues like the garbage the cow eats and the plastic eating issues. But instead they targeted on some people without any basis.
  • There are some sections of the society who are dependent on the cleaning on the entails of the dead cow and prepare raw hides. There are not many people who are taking up these activities. In this context they should have societal support and also economic wellbeing.
  • If people are concerned about the welfare and protection of the cow, they should pay attention to the automated milching of cattle where cattle’s undergo lot of pain


  • There should be legislative awareness, that these are also important work done by certain sections of the Indian population from one generation to another and they should get the support and economic incentive as well.
  • Ultimately what needs to be dealt with is to look at the entire problem and make people aware that the economic factors are equally important and these people who were targeted are very important in the context of our economy. By this a better climate can be created.
  • India’s unity in diversity is to be the basis, and if there is any violation it cannot be tolerated. It is the states who have to be vigilant against cow vigilantism, by which these actions can be stopped.