MAINS SELF STUDY GUIDE: Insights Mock Test – 28 (GS-2)
Insights Mains Offline Test Series 2015
GENERAL STUDIES – 2
Mock Test – 28
8 December 2015
Duration: 3 Hours
Answer ALL the questions in NOT MORE than 200 Words. Content of the answer is more important than its length. Each question carries 12.5 Marks. (12.5 x 20 = 250)
- It is said that Secularism is implicit in the entire constitutional framework and there was no need of inserting the word ‘secular’ in the preamble. Critically comment.
- An essential principle of rule of law is that every executive action, if it is to operate to the prejudice of any person, must have legislative authority to support it. Explain the importance of rule of law and critically assess the role of the Supreme Court in enforcing rule of law in India.
- The word ‘federal’ is not mentioned in the Indian Constitution, but the Article 1 (1) of the Constitution says- “India, that is Bharat, shall be a union of States.” Why do you think the word ‘union’ was preferred over ‘federal’ by the Constituent Assembly? Also examine what essential characteristics of federalism are present in the Indian Constitution.
- In 2014, the Law Commission of India submitted its 245th Report to the Law Ministry and it is the first scientific attempt to define and measure the backlog in India’s lower courts. What are the causes of backlogs in lower courts? Do fast track courts help in clearing these backlogs? Examine in the light of the report’s findings.
- The Constitution was amended in 1976 to add Chapter XIV A, enabling the Central and state governments to establish tribunals dealing with specific subjects such as tax, export, import, industrial disputes and land reforms. Do you think this provision has been misused since then? What is the opinion of courts? Examine.
- Administrations around the world cite public safety as the reason for asking for encryption access. Is it in public interest to give this access to governments? Discuss.
- “New Delhi’s approach to its neighbours has increasingly been marked by muscularity, only to raise the spectre of an Indian ‘Monroe Doctrine’ — a doctrine India cannot afford to enforce.” Critically comment.
- “Some of the ethno-territorial conflicts in western Myanmar and Northeast India are part of a single regional conflict complex.” Discuss.
- In urban India, it is the economically weaker sections and the low income groups, which earn between Rs 3 to 6 lakh annually, that account for 96 per cent of the housing shortage. Examine the challenges that governments face in providing housing to these sections and what needs to be done in this regard.
- India has only one psychiatrist for every 343,000 people, and one of the highest suicide rates in the world. Critically examine what needs to be done to reform India’s mental health policy.
- It is said that India has many stakes in the Syrian crisis. What are these? Should India play an active role in this crisis in its own national interest? Critically comment.
- An education policy will influence India’s economic, social and political future for decades to come. Critically analyze India’s post-independence education policies and suggest what should the new education policy aim for.
- One of the disappointments in the post-reform period in India has been the slow progress in the reduction of malnutrition, especially with reference to the underweight among children. Examine why despite high economic growth, malnutrition persists in India and why it is important to address this problem urgently.
- Examine why and what needs to be done to make sure that the information commission becomes fully autonomous, along the lines of the Election Commission, and thus becomes a constitutional body.
- Under the Digital India initiative, fulfilling the vision where all citizens are digitally connected to the government will take enormous efforts. What are these efforts? Examine the factors on which success of this initiative depends upon.
- India’s stand in climate change negotiations is that it can’t accept a hard limit on emissions when it’s still trying to lift hundreds of millions of Indians—more than 20% of whom lack electricity—out of poverty. Recently, Prime Minister also demanded for climate justice. Do you think India is right in demanding climate justice? Critically comment.
- The architecture of the IAS, consciously drawn from the ICS, was premised on a social and cultural distance between the administration and civil society on the one hand, and between the political executive and the civil servant on the other. Why do you think IAS has an edge over other services and why it has attracted hostilities from various quarters? Discuss.
- Conventional wisdom suggests that great powers and aspiring great powers prefer bilateralism to multilateralism or plurilateralism; they consider the former a characteristic of the strong and regard the latter only as the privilege of the weak. Are there any exceptions to this rule? Should India prefer bilateralism over multilateralism? Critically discuss.