Insights Daily Current Events, 04 December 2015
Paper 3 Topic: disaster and disaster management.
NDRF teams arrives in Puducherry
The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) teams are actively involved in tackling the situation arising out of incessant rains in Puducherry and TamilNadu over the past few days.
- Sensing the urgency, NDRF teams have doubled the number of their rescuers in the rain and flood-battered Chennai and adjoining areas.
- SO far, the teams have rescued around 5000 people from marooned areas in Chennai.
The Disaster Management Act has made the statutory provisions for constitution of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) for the purpose of specialized response to natural and man-made disasters.
Two national calamities in quick succession in the form of Orissa Super Cyclone (1999) and Gujarat Earthquake (2001) brought about the realization of the need of having a specialist response mechanism at National Level to effectively respond to disasters. This realization led to the enactment of the DM Act on 26 Dec 2005.
ROLE AND MANDATE OF NDRF:
- Specialized response during disasters
- Proactive deployment during impending disaster situations
- Acquire and continually upgrade its own training and skills
- Liaison, Reconnaissance, Rehearsals and Mock Drills
- Impart basic and operational level training to State Response Forces (Police, Civil Defence and Home Guards)
- Community Capacity Building Programme
- organize Public Awareness Campaigns
Why it is said to be UNIQUE?
- It is the only dedicated disaster response force of the world.
- The only agency with comprehensive response capabilities having multi-disciplinary and multi-skilled, high-tech, stand alone nature.
- Experienced paramilitary personnel specially trained and equipped for disaster response.
- Capabilities for undertaking disaster response, prevention, mitigation and capacity building.
sources: the hindu, ndrf.
Paper 3 Topic: conservation.
Agra to host first ever international bird fete
In a bid to promote Uttar Pradesh as an international bird-watching destination, the State Forest department, in collaboration with FICCI, is planning to hold a three-day international festival on birds at the National Chambal Sanctuary (NCS) in Agra.
- The festival starts on December 4 and will end on December 6.
- As many as 25 top international bird experts and over 80 Indian ornithologists are expected to attend the first-of-its-kind festival.
sources: the hindu.
Paper 2 Topic: appointment to various constitutional posts.
New CJI takes over
Justice Tirath Singh Thakur was sworn in as 43rd Chief Justice of India by President Pranab Mukherjee recently.
- The senior-most judge of the apex court, 63-year old Justice Thakur took over from incumbent Justice H L Dattu who retired December 2nd.
Appointment of CJI:
- According to the convention, the present Chief Justice recommends the name of his successor to the government.
- After the Law Ministry clears his name, the file will go to the Prime Minister’s Office and finally reaches the President, after whose approval the Warrant of Appointment will be issued.
sources: the hindu.
Paper 3 Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
Lok Sabha passes bill to replace Bureau of Indian Standards
The Lok Sabha has passed a bill that provides for establishing Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) as the National Standards Body of India.
- The bill was passed by voice vote.
The Bureau of Indian Standards Bill, 2015:
- The bill seeks to replace the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986.
- It proposes to make BIS a national standards body, introduce mandatory hallmarking of precious metal, prevent misuse of Standard marks and provide for recall of ISI marked products not conforming to relevant standards.
- Once the Bill is approved, the BIS would get the legislative backing to formally represent India abroad. At present, the BIS is not formally recognised as a national standards body of the country, though it has been representing India in various international bodies.
- The bill will also help in promoting ‘Make in India’ and ‘Made in India’.”
- After becoming law, the Bill will allow multiple types of conformity assessment schemes in tune with global best practices.
- The Bill will also empower the Centre to authorise any other agency having necessary accreditation for the purpose of conformity assessment against Indian standards.
sources: bs, pib.
Paper 2 Topic: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
Centenary year of Zoological Survey of India
The union government has released a commemorative stamp to mark the Centenary year of Zoological Survey of India (ZSI).
Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) was established on 1st July 1916 to promote the survey, exploration, research and documentation leading to the advancement in knowledge on various aspects of animal taxonomy of the Indian subcontinent.
- ZSI is a premier institution on animal taxonomy in India under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
- Of the nearly 100, 000 species of animals known to occur in India, it is the ZSI that brought the knowledge to the scientific community about many of them as the new and endemic species of animals found in this country.
- ZSI has been declared as the designated repository for the National Zoological Collection as per Section 39 of the National Biodiversity Act, 2002.
- To meet the challenges of biodiversity conservation, sustainable utilization and dissemination of knowledge on faunal diversity to all stakeholders, the Survey is equipped with modern tools and techniques such as scanning electron microscopes, digital stereo zoom microscopes, GIS tools, data basing tools and the DNA bar coding technology.
- Red Data Book: Similar to the Red Data Book produced by IUCN, ZSI also releases a Red Data Book on Indian Animals. It was first published in 1983.
sources: pib, bs.