The Big Picture – What caused the crisis in West Asia?
Recently, former British Prime Minister Tony Blair admitted that the US – UK led coalition might have led to the creation of Islamic State. West Asia is extremely unstable now. There is a historic migration crisis. In March 2003 the American invasion on Iraq took place. America tried to address the root cause of terrorism through regime change. In 2011 America decided to withdraw its troops from Iraq. Following the withdrawal, the Shias came to power and tried to take revenge against Sunnis. ISIS is said to be the result of radicalization. It is also being said that Shia –division was created by the Gulf War.
Tony Blair’s recent apology in making war on Iraq in 2003 has been declared a non-apology by most commentators and media, including those who supported the war drive and peddled with enthusiasm the myth of Iraqi weapons of mass destruction. This is because Blair has only re-stated what he’s been saying for over a decade – that the war on Iraq resulted from a failure of the intelligence services to deliver accurate information on WMD. The war against Iraq was initiated based on assertion that Iraq possessed weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) and that Saddam’s government posed an immediate threat to the United States and its coalition allies. This misrepresentation of pre-war intelligence is being criticized worldwide now. The invasion led to sectarian violence which caused widespread displacement among Iraqi civilians. The invasion led also to a constitution which supported democracy as long as laws did not violate traditional Islamic principles.
US led invasion regime toppled the government of Saddam Hussein. During this decade long lone war lakhs of Iraqis were killed. The invasion also led to the collapse of the Saddam government. Saddam was captured and later executed by a military court. Following this widespread sectarian violence between Shias and Sunnis began. Insurgency against U.S. and coalition forces also began aftermath the war.
Iraqi insurgency surged in the aftermath of the U.S. withdrawal. The terror campaigns have since been engaged by Iraqi, primarily radical Sunni, insurgent groups against the central government. By 2014 Iraq was once again in chaos with the insurgency reaching new heights. In June 2014 the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) took over the major cities of Iraq. In the summer of 2014 President Obama announced the return of U.S. Forces to Iraq, but only in the form of aerial support. This was mainly aimed at halting the advance of ISIS forces, render humanitarian aid to stranded refugees and stabilize the political situation.
Hundreds of thousands of Iraqis are estimated to have been killed in the violence unleashed in 2003, though the true number of deaths remains unknown. The continuing bloodshed in Iraq has contributed to the biggest refugee crisis since World War II, and the ascent of ISIS has exacerbated the outflow of refugees from Syria as well.