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MAINS SELF STUDY GUIDE: Insights Mock Test – 9 & 10 Combined (GS-4 Ethics)

MAINS SELF STUDY GUIDE: Insights Mock Test – 9 & 10  Combined (GS-4 Ethics)


NOTE: Those who want to write in notebook should treat this as a Real Exam and try to complete the paper within One and Half Hours. You can download PDF copy of the same HERE. The Timetable is HERE.

Insights Mains Offline Test Series 2015


Mock Test – 9 & 10                                                                                                            

05 October 2015

Duration: 2  Hours



In this Section there are Ten Questions. Each should be answered in NOT more than 150 words:


  1. Why do you think lot of emphasis is given in India to respect elders? How will it benefit children? Explain with examples.
  2. What do you understand by ethical competence? Examine the key elements of ethical competence for public officials.
  3. Is whistleblowing ethical? Justify.
  4. Is ethics necessary for one to lead a quality life? Support your arguments with examples.
  5. Discuss the Seven Principles of Public Life as given by Lord Nolan which are widely accepted by governments across the world.
  6. “I count him braver who overcomes his desires than him who overcomes his enemies.” What do you understand by this statement? Explain with illustrations.
  7. There will be some people who will hate you even if you do lot of good work. How will you treat such people? Will you try to win over them? Substantiate.
  8. Should moral education be made compulsory in schools and colleges? If yes, what should be the curriculum of such education?
  9. “The more things a man is ashamed of, the more respectable he is.” What do you understand by this statement? Explain with examples
  10. Your friend who is preparing for civil services tells you that he wants to work as an IAS officer for ten years, make good name and then enter politics to serve even larger number of population. Will you support his decision? Justify. 




In the following questions, carefully study the cases presented and then answers the questions that follow. Each Question carries 20 Marks. 


  1. Your close friend, who is very disturbed by reports of rape of women in cities, comes to you for discussing this issue and to express some of his concerns. He raises the following points:
  1. These days due to influence of movies and western culture, girls tend to wear small clothes that provoke rapists. Why shouldn’t girls be practical and wear proper dress to avoid the wrath of rapists?
  2. Rapists should be publicly hanged for their crime. Rapists do not deserve to live in any society.
  3. Parents should teach boys to respect women and at the same time teach their girl children to follow Indian culture. Why should parents allow their girls to talk to strangers? Why should they send their girls to co-education schools?
  4. Girls should be allowed to go to nearest schools and colleges. Once they are graduated, they should be allowed to take up jobs such as teaching which are decent and safe. Why should they join jobs like software engineering when such jobs are not safe?

Critically analyze the above viewpoints. On the basis of this analysis, what will be your advice to your friend? (250 Words)


  1. You are a sincere and honest officer. You are well known for your straightforward and fearless attitude towards politicians. You have been transferred several times in your career to various places where finding basic amenities was itself difficult even for senior officer like you. Recently you have been transferred to state health and family welfare department as its joint secretary. A contractor who used to supply medical equipments to government hospitals comes to you and seeks your favour in whitelisting his name from the blacklist of contractors. He was found guilty of supplying faulty equipments to hospitals and was blacklisted. He is a close relative of minister of health and family welfare. After listening to his demand you get angry and insult him in front of your staff. After few days he comes to your office with a suitcase. He bribes your peons and directly enters your chamber. The moment he keeps his suitcase on your table and opens it, persons belonging to 3-4 media channels throng into your office and start recording everything. Media accuse you of taking bribe and the news is flashed live across the state. After a while, contractor and health minister both call you and ask you to mend your ways. The government informs media that an enquiry committee will be formed to look into the allegations against you.

Some of the options to handle the situation could be as follows:

  1. Explain to the committee everything and go for a long leave with your wife
  2. Take voluntary retirement and move to USA where your son is well settled
  3. Register a complaint against contractor, minister, media, peons and fight for justice

Suggest any other possible option(s). Evaluate all of them and suggest the best course of action, giving your reasons for it. (250 Words)


  1. Your younger son, who has completed MBA from a prestigious college, is trying to start his own business. He has a plan to create a mobile application which would help village panchayats to deliver services to people in an efficient and better way. You are working as secretary in Rural Development and Panchayat Raj ministry. This mobile application if installed by citizens on their phones; regularly updated and services delivered by concerned panchayats, will bring good name to your son and will act as Launchpad to his career. He wants your department to buy his application for five crores. He asks you to notify a tender seeking creation of such mobile app both by individuals and established software vendors, and finalise his app for final selection and approval. You are impressed by his app and its potential.

Your son tries to convince you by saying that there is nothing illegal about his idea and it would only benefit people, and also if it becomes a success, your department and yourself would be appreciated and recognised by both state and union governments.

  1. Will you go ahead and notify the tender? Justify (150 Words)
  2. What if a software vendor proposes even better model for lesser price and delivers the same? Will you still finalise your son’s app because it is his original idea? Justify. (100 Words)


  1. Your twelve year old daughter frequently complains to you that her mathematics teacher doesn’t teach well. Your daughter is good in all subjects except mathematics. You know this teacher very well. She was given a job by school management based on recommendation by local MLA who happens to be partner in school management. This teacher has a basic degree in science but has not availed any teacher training. She is from a very poor family and sole breadwinner, because of which MLA had recommended her name to the job. You have brought your daughter’s complain to the notice of management several times, but they haven’t taken any measures so far. You also hear same complaint by other parents. You are determined to force management to recruit new mathematics teacher. Some parents sympathetic to maths teacher argue that you should not in any way try to remove her from her job as she belongs to a poor family.

What options do you have before you? What course of action will you take? Critically analyse. (250 Words)

  1. You are working as Superintendent of Police. Your husband is working as District Collector. By chance, from his smartphone you happen to read some of his emails which reveal that he is deeply involved in a corruption scandal with realtors. If you act as whistle-blower, the revelation will help the state government to save lots of money. At the same time your husband might face lifelong jail sentence if case against him is proven. You both love each other very much.

What options are available to you? Which one will you choose? Justify. (250 Words)