Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Insights Daily Current Events, 27 July 2015

Insights Daily Current Events, 27 July 2015


Mount Nalini, in honour of her Himalayan efforts

A Himalayan peak is all set to be named after a veteran mountaineer named Nalini Sengupta. This was announced by the trekkers of the Giripremi Mountaineering Institute after they conquered Peak 5260 in the Hamta Pass region of the Himalayas. This is to salute her efforts to inculcate the thrill of mountaineering in youngsters since 1970.

  • Sengupta has scaled several summits. She will be the first Puneite to have a Himalyan peak christened in her honour.


  • Survey of India is the authority which sanctions names to a mountain which fall under the Indian Territory.
  • Generally, the team which conquers a virgin peak is granted the honour to name it. Till today, many teams that have conquered new peaks have named them after their favourite gods, local deities and villages.

Sources: The Hindu, IE.

26 cities in State to be developed under AMRUT

A total of 26 cities in Karnataka have been selected for implementing infrastructure development under the Centre’s flagship programme of Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT). This was stated by the Union Parliamentary Affairs Minister recently.

  • All these selected cities have population more than 1 Lac.


AMRUT is the new avatar of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM). But, in a significant departure from the earlier mission, the Centre will not appraise individual projects.

Details of the Mission:

  • AMRUT adopts a project approach to ensure basic infrastructure services relating to water supply, sewerage, storm-water drains, transportation and development of green spaces and parks with special provision for meeting the needs of children.
  • Under this mission, 10% of the budget allocation will be given to states and union territories as incentive based on the achievement of reforms during the previous year.
  • AMRUT, which seeks to lay a foundation to enable cities and towns to eventually grow into smart cities, will be implemented in 500 locations with a population of one lakh and above.
  • It would cover some cities situated on stems of main rivers, a few state capitals and important cities located in hilly areas, islands and tourist areas.
  • Under this mission, states get the flexibility of designing schemes based on the needs of identified cities and in their execution and monitoring.
  • States will only submit state annual action Plans to the centre for broad concurrence based on which funds will be released. But, in a significant departure from JNNURM, the central government will not appraise individual projects.
  • Central assistance will be to the extent of 50% of project cost for cities and towns with a population of up to 10 lakhs and one-third of the project cost for those with a population of above 10 lakhs.
  • Under the mission, states will transfer funds to urban local bodies within 7 days of transfer by central government and no diversion of funds to be made failing which penal interest would be charged besides taking other adverse action by the centre.

Sources: The Hindu, PIB.

Set up SHRC in six months, SC tells Delhi

The Supreme Court has ordered the Delhi government to set up a State Human Rights Commission (SHRC) within six months. The Delhi government has not set up the SHRC even 22 years after Parliament enacted the Protection of Human Rights Act in 1993.

  • Delhi accounts for the second largest number of human rights violation cases.


  • The judgment came on a series of petition filed for the protection of human rights against police custody and torture.
  • The Supreme Court has also directed Himachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Tripura and Nagaland to set up SHRCs within six months.

State Human Rights Commission:

The Protection of Human Rights Act of 1993 provides for the creation of not only the National Human Rights Commission but also a State Human Rights Commission at the state level. Accordingly, twenty three states have constituted the State Human Rights Commissions through Official Gazette Notifications.

A State Human Rights Commission can inquire into violation of human rights only in respect of subjects mentioned in the State List (List-II) and the Concurrent List (List-III) of the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution. However, if any such case is already being inquired into by the National Human Rights Commission or any other Statutory Commission, then the State Human Rights Commission does not inquire into that case.


  • The State Human Rights Commission is a multi-member body consisting of a chairperson and two members.
  • The chairperson should be a retired Chief Justice of a High Court and members should be a serving or retired judge of a High Court or a District Judge in the state with a minimum of seven years experience as District Judge and a person having knowledge or practical experience with respect to human rights.
  • The chairperson and members are appointed by the Governor on the recommendations of a committee consisting of the chief minister as its head, the speaker of the Legislative Assembly, the state home minister and the leader of the opposition in the Legislative Assembly.
  • In the case of a state having Legislative Council, the chairman of the Council and the leader of the opposition in the Council would also be the members of the committee.
  • A sitting judge of a High Court or a sitting District Judge can be appointed only after consultation with the Chief Justice of the High Court of the concerned state.
  • The chairperson and members hold office for a term of five years or until they attain the age of 70 years, whichever is earlier.
  • After their tenure, the chairperson and members are not eligible for further employment under a state government or the Central government.
  • Although the chairperson and members of a State Human Rights Commission are appointed by the governor, they can be removed only by the President (and not by the governor).
  • The President can remove them on the same grounds and in the same manner as he can remove the chairperson or a member of the National Human Rights Commission.

Sources: The Hindu, Laxmikanth.

Modi government now keen on tougher SC/ST Atrocities Act

The government is gearing up to push a key Bill to strengthen the law against atrocities on people belonging to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes during the Monsoon Session of Parliament.


  • The United Progressive Alliance government had promulgated the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Ordinance on March 4, 2014, just before the Lok Sabha elections.
  • But the new government, after bringing the Bill in Parliament in July that year, ensured that it was sent to a Standing Committee. The ordinance has since lapsed.
  • The Congress had argued against sending the Bill to the committee as most parties supported the legislation.

Details of the Bill:

  • The Bill seeks to strengthen the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989, by adding new categories of actions to be treated as offences. For instance, forcing an individual from a Scheduled community to vote or not to vote for a candidate unlawfully and occupying land belonging to such individuals wrongfully will now be treated as offences.
  • The Bill specifies punishment for public servants from other communities who neglect their duties relating to Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe people, such as not registering a complaint or a First Information Report. The Bill mandates the setting up of special courts at the district level, with exclusive public prosecutors, to speed up the trial process.

These measures were thought necessary since the original Act had failed to deter crimes. National Crime Records Bureau figures show that cases registered under the Act in conjunction with Indian Penal Code provisions increased from 38,449 in 2010 to 46,114 in 2013. More worryingly, the conviction rate under the law stands at below 30% in several States.

Sources: The Hindu.

Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, recently launched the Deendayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana in Bihar.

About DeenDayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY):

It was launched by the Ministry of Power.

Aim: to augment power supply to the rural areas and to strengthen sub-transmission and distribution systems.

The Yojana also includes the components:

  • To separate agriculture and non agriculture feeders facilitating judicious rostering of supply to agricultural and non-agricultural consumers in rural areas and
  • Strengthening and augmentation of sub transmission and distribution infrastructure in rural areas, including metering of distribution transformers/feeders/consumers.

The scheme would help in:

  • Improvement in hours of power supply in rural areas,
  • Reduction in peak load,
  • Improvement in billed energy based on metered consumption and
  • Providing access to electricity to rural households.

Sources: The Hindu, PIB.

Insights Secure Prelims 2015

Welcome to Insights Secure Prelims – 2015 initiative. The following questions are based on current events that appear in PIB (Public Information Bureau) and from some important newspapers. For more challenging question papers (Full Length), please join our Preliminary Exam – 2015 Test Series (Please Click Here for Reviews)

To view Solutions, follow these instructions:

  1. Click on – ‘Start Quiz’ button

  2. Solve Questions

  3. Click on ‘Quiz Summary’ button

  4. Click on ‘Finish Quiz’ button

  5. Now click on ‘View Questions’ button – here you will see solutions and links.