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Insights Daily Current Events, 23 June 2015

Insights Daily Current Events, 23 June 2015

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PM reviews progress of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan

The Prime Minister of India recently reviewed the progress of the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan at a high-level meeting. He also called for each school in the country to plan its own targets, which it aims to achieve by 2022, India’s 75th year of independence.

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA):

It is Government of India’s flagship programme for achievement of Universalization of Elementary Education (UEE) in a time bound manner, as mandated by 86th amendment to the Constitution of India making free and compulsory Education to the Children of 6-14 years age group, a Fundamental Right.

  • It is being implemented in partnership with State Governments to cover the entire country and address the needs of 192 million children in 1.1 million habitations.
  • It seeks to open new schools in those habitations which do not have schooling facilities and strengthen existing school infrastructure through provision of additional class rooms, toilets, drinking water, maintenance grant and school improvement grants.
  • Existing schools with inadequate teacher strength are provided with additional teachers, while the capacity of existing teachers is being strengthened by extensive training, grants for developing teaching-learning materials and strengthening of the academic support structure at a cluster, block and district level.
  • It also seeks to provide quality elementary education including life skills. SSA has a special focus on girl’s education and children with special needs. SSA also seeks to provide computer education to bridge the digital divide.

Sources: The Hindu, ssa.

 

Maharashtra gets ‘State butterfly’

Maharashtra has become the first State in the country to have a ‘State butterfly.’

  • The state government has declared the Blue Mormon (Papilio polymnestor) as the State butterfly. The decision was taken at a meeting of the State Wildlife Board.
  • No State in India has ever declared a State butterfly.

About Blue Mormon:

The Blue Mormon is a large, swallowtail butterfly found primarily in Sri Lanka and India, mainly restricted to the Western Ghats of Maharashtra, South India and coastal belts. It may occasionally be spotted in the Maharashtrian mainland between Vidarbha and Western Maharashtra.

  • It is reportedly the second largest butterfly found in India, just smaller than the southern birdwing.
  • Easily identifiable, the Blue Mormon boasts exquisite velvet-like black wings with bright blue spots.
  • The butterfly is most common in heavy rainfall areas, such as evergreen forests. Also common in deciduous forests and wooded urban areas, primarily due to the cultivation of its host plants, i.e. the Citrus species.

Sources: The Hindu, Wiki.

 

State Government initiative to make Arunachal an organic state

In a bid to make Arunachal Pradesh a hundred per cent organic state, the State government decided to launch “State Soil Health Mission”.

Details of the programme:

  • The programme envisages proper documentation of soil health and preparation of soil map besides, distribution of Soil Health Cards to farmers so that they are guided for scientific nutrient managements.
  • The programme aims to check overuse of fertilizers and its adverse effect and help in increase of crop production through its sustainable soil management programme paving way for organic farming.

Sources: The Hindu.

 

New U.K. rules will hit Indian nurses

As many as 30,000 overseas nurses will be facing the axe under British Prime Minister David Cameron’s new immigration laws. Changes to British immigration rules will force thousands of nurses recruited by the National Health Service from non-European Union countries to leave the United Kingdom in the next two years.

  • Among those affected will doubtless be Indian nurses, who are the second highest non-EU nationality after Filipinos in the nursing workforce in this country.

What the new rule says?

Under the new rule, persons from outside the European Union should be earning £35,000 or more in order to be able to stay in the U.K. after six years.

Sources: The Hindu.

 

HAL delivers Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft body

Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd recently delivered the orbiter spacecraft module structure of the proposed Chandrayaan-2 mission to the ISRO Satellite Centre, Bengaluru.

  • Chandrayaan-2, the country’s second lunar mission since 2008, is likely to come up in 2017 or 2018 and will have a lander and a rover to explore Moon’s surface.

Chandrayaan-2:

  • It is India’s second lunar exploration mission.
  • ISRO has said that it will launch the mission using the more powerful rocket GSLV-MkII fitted with the indigenous cryogenic engine.
  • The mission includes a lunar orbiter, a lander and a lunar rover, all developed by India.
  • The wheeled rover will move on the lunar surface and will pick up soil or rock samples for on-site chemical analysis. The data will be relayed to Earth through the Chandrayaan-2 orbiter.

 

Sources: The Hindu, Wiki.

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