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Insights Daily Current Events, 13 February 2015

Insights Daily Current Events, 13 February 2015

Sailab Se Salamati Tak

It is a Cycle Expedition from Srinagar to Delhi conducted by the Indian Army recently.

Aim: It is aimed at creating awareness amongst the masses about the damage caused by floods in the State of J&K in September2014, highlight the challenges faced by the locals during the floods and well being of the affected persons after the combined rescue efforts by various Govt & Non Govt agencies.

Sources: PIB.

 

H1N1 cases to come under 3 categories

The Centre has come up with exhaustive guidelines for the States to follow for combating the H1N1 outbreak.

Taking cognisance of the panic that has spread owing to the surge in the number of cases being reported and the death toll, the Centre has asked States to categorise cases for screening, isolation and hospitalisation.

Details:

Health workers have been asked to screen people with symptoms of the flu on the basis of their severity and categorise them.

The three categories are:

  1. In Category A will be those who do not require testing for H1N1. Patients with mild fever, cough and sore throat, body ache, headache, nausea and diarrhoea will be put in Category A and can be monitored for 24-48 hours. These patients will be advised to stay at home and not mingle with the others. They will not need testing for H1N1 and no treatment with Oseltamivir.
  2. In Category B will be those who have all the symptoms mentioned in Category A, but have high-grade fever and are in the high-risk category; they will need treatment with Oseltamivir and will have to be confined at home. High-risk category includes children with mild illness, pregnant women, persons over 65, patients with lung, liver, heart, kidney, blood or neurological diseases or have been on long-term cortisone therapy.
  3. In Category C will be those who have all the signs and symptoms of Category A and B and depending on their health condition will have to be hospitalised. If the patients have breathlessness, chest pain, drowsiness, fall in blood pressure, sputum mixed with blood, bluish discolouration of nails they will need to be immediately started on the medicine and hospitalised. This category will also include children with influenza-like illness, high and persistent fever, inability to feed, convulsions and difficulty in breathing.

Taking serious note of the spread, the government of Rajasthan has declared swine flu epidemic in the state.

Swine Flu:

H1N1 is a virus which causes Swine flu. When it was first detected in 2009, it was called “swine flu” because the virus was similar to those found in pigs.

Transmission from Pigs to Humans: The H1N1 virus is currently a seasonal flu virus found in humans. Although it also circulates in pigs, one cannot get it by eating properly handled and cooked pork or pork products.

In 2009, H1N1 was spreading fast around the world, so the World Health Organization called it a pandemic.

Spread:

  • Swine flu is contagious, and it spreads in the same way as the seasonal flu.
  • When people who have it cough or sneeze, they spray tiny drops of the virus into the air. If a person comes in contact with these drops or touch a surface that an infected person has recently touched, the person can catch H1N1 swine flu.
  • Pregnant women who contract the H1N1 infection are at a greater risk of developing complications because of hormonal changes, physical changes and changes to their immune system to accommodate the growing foetus.

Symptoms:

Most symptoms are the same as seasonal flu. They can include:

  • cough
  • fever
  • sore throat
  • stuffy or runny nose
  • body aches
  • headache
  • chills
  • fatigue
  • If not controlled it can lead to more serious complications like pneumonia and respiratory failure.

The antiviral drugs are prescribed to reduce the severity of symptoms. Oselttamivir is used in Tamil Nadu. It is not available over the counter.

Sources: The Hindu, ET, WHO.

 

ICAR to set up model mechanised farms

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has planned to set up model mechanised farm units at select 100 centres particularly in peripheral villages of agricultural colleges and research institutes across the country.

Aim: to motivate farmers understand and apply advantages of the latest technology in agriculture.

About ICAR:

  • The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is an autonomous organisation under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India.
  • It was formerly known as Imperial Council of Agricultural Research and was established on 16 July 1929 as a registered society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 in pursuance of the report of the Royal Commission on Agriculture.

Functions:

It is the apex body for co-ordinating, guiding and managing research and education in agriculture including horticulture, fisheries and animal sciences in the entire country. Other functions include:

  • To plan, undertake, aid, promote and co-ordinate education, research and its application in agriculture, agroforestry, animal husbandry, fisheries, home science and allied sciences.
  • To act as clearing house of research and general information relating to agriculture, home science and fisheries through its publications and information system, and instituting and promoting transfer of technology programmes.
  • To provide, undertake and promote consultancy services in the fields of education, research, training and dissemination of information in agriculture, agroforestry, animal husbandry, fisheries, home science and allied sciences.
  • To look into problems relating to broader areas of rural development concerning agriculture, including post-harvest technology, by developing co-operative programmes with other organizations such as the Indian Council of Social Sciences Research, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, and universities.

Sources: The Hindu, Wiki.

 

Industrial production rises only 1.7% in Dec 

Recently released data show that Industrial growth slowed to 1.7 per cent in December from 3.9 per cent in November, owing to low consumer durable goods and mining output. The main reason why the IIP growth rate dropped in December from the previous month was due to contraction in mining output by 3.2 per cent, compared to a growth rate of 2.6 per cent in the same month in 2013, and continued fall of consumer durables within manufacturing.

The Eight Core Industries comprise nearly 38 % of the weight of items included in the Index of Industrial Production (IIP).

IIP:

  • The Index of Industrial Production (IIP) is an index which details out the growth of various sectors in an economy such as mining, electricity and manufacturing.
  • The all India IIP is a composite indicator that measures the short-term changes in the volume of production of a basket of industrial products during a given period with respect to that in a chosen base period.
  • It is compiled and published monthly by the Central Statistical Organisation (CSO) six weeks after the reference month ends.

The eight core industries are: Coal, Crude oil, Natural Gas, Refinery products, fertilizers, steel, cement and electricity.

Sources: BS, PIB.

Mock questions:

 

1) “Sailab Se Salamati Tak” is

a) Is a Cycle Expedition from Srinagar to Delhi conducted by the Indian Army recently.

b) The rescue operation conducted under by the Indian Navy in Andhra Pradesh and Odisha during Cyclone Hudhud.

c) The operation conducted by the Indian Navy in which it deployed two warships, which supplied more than 2000 tonnes of fresh water to the city of Male over a period of 10 days.

d) A joint Indo US military exercise.

 

2) Consider the following statements regarding Swine Flu:

  1. Recently, the government of Rajasthan declared swine flu epidemic in the state.
  2. Swine flu is contagious.
  3. In 2009 WHO called it a pandemic.

Which of the above statements are true?

a) Only 1.

b) Only 1 & 2.

c) All of the above.

d) None of the above.

 

3) Consider the following statements regarding the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR):

  1. It is an autonomous organisation under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), Ministry of Agriculture.
  2. It was formerly known as Imperial Council of Agricultural Research.

Which of the above statements are true?

a) Only 1.

b) Only 2.

c) Both.

d) None.

 

4) Consider the following statements regarding Index of Industrial Production (IIP):

  1. It is compiled and published monthly by the Central Statistical Organisation (CSO).
  2. It measures the Long term changes in the volume of production of a basket of industrial products during a given period with respect to that in a chosen base period.

Which of the above statements are true?

a) Only 1.

b) Only 2.

c) Both.

d) None.

 

5) Which of the following are not core industries?

  1. Coal
  2. Cement
  3. Steel
  4. Manufacturing
  5. Textiles

Choose the correct answer using the codes below

a) Only 1 & 5.

b) Only 1 & 4.

c) Only 4 & 5.

d) Only 5.