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[Insights Secure – 2015] UPSC Mains Questions on Current Events, 31 January 2015

Archives – Secure 2015

31 January 2015

 Monday’s Topic of GS-1: India – People and Economy, Class 12 Geography, Unit – I (Chapter – 1 and 2)

 

General Studies – 1

 

Topic: World wars, Redrawl of national boundaries;

1) ‘Extreme nationalism of fascist variety has various faces in various countries,but it has everywhere in common characteristics.’ Critically analyse. (200 Words)

http://www.frontline.in/cover-story/soldiers-of-the-swastika/article6756605.ece

 

Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country;

2) “The popular rise of the slogan for azaadi in Kashmir in the late 1990s was  on the  account of religious  fundamentalism which was left unchallenged and an Indian state which viewed a community merely as pawns in their geostrategic game.” Critically comment. (200 Words)

http://www.epw.in/editorials/quarter-century-exile.html

 

General Studies – 2

 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation;

3) There is a growing realisation that citizen participation lies at the heart of good governance. What are the initiatives taken by government in this regard? How can these initiatives be more successful? (200 Words)

Refer –People Centric Administration Page 53

http://yojana.gov.in/CMS/(S(kdrn2245hrays345op0myc55))/pdf/Yojana/English/2014/Yojana%20March%202014.pdf

 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation;

4) Surrogacy in India has flourished into a ‘Commercial Industry’ and lead to ‘reproductive tourism’. Analyse both the positive and negative impacts this had on India. To what extent, the proposed ART bill seeks to address the above concerns. (200 Words)

http://www.epw.in/system/files/pdf/2015_50/1/Outsourcing_Reproduction.pdf

http://www.epw.in/system/files/pdf/2015_50/2/Right_to_Abort_in_Surrogacy_Contracts.pdf

 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation;(Also Paper – 3: PDS)

5) “The recently released Shanta Kumar Committee report on issues related to procurement, storage and distribution of food grains in India is deeply flawed and runs contrary to the aim of achieving the MDGs “Critically analyse. (200 Words) 

http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-opinion/food-insecurity-acts/article6840777.ece

http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/better-roads-must-food-security

 

General Studies – 3

Topic: mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

6) “The alleged increment in tax rate would not be able to make smoking tobacco a less affordable product because of its obvious loopholes in the differential treatment of different tobacco products or different tiers of the same product.” Comment. (200 Words)

http://www.epw.in/commentary/tobacco-taxation.html

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation;

7) Coal remains the main fossil fuel for power generation in India. What are the health impacts of air pollution from these coal-fired power plants? Also assess the success of current environment regulatory framework for coal power plants in India. (200 Words)

http://www.epw.in/system/files/Regulating%20Air%20Pollution%20from%20Coal%20Fired%20Power%20Plants%20in%20India.pdf

 

TopicScience and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life 

8) India and USA recently committed to multi-sectoral actions to counter the emergence and spread of Anti-Microbial Resistance (AMR) and cooperation in training of health workers in preparedness for threats of infectious diseases.What is AMR? Why is it seen as a threat and what action can be taken to counter its effects? (200 Words)

http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/america-right-partner-india-deal-antimicrobial-resistance

http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/why-antibiotic-resistance-getting-worse-india

 

General Studies – 4

 

Topic: Human Values-Lessons from the lives of great leaders, reformers & Administrators;

9) ‘Satyagraha seeks the ethics of responsibility. Terror owns the act of violence but disowns the responsibility for it.’ Comment. (150 Words)

http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-opinion/choosing-satyagraha-over-spectacle/article6840774.ece

 

Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems;

10) Recruitment to civil servants is done mainly on the basis of testing their domain knowledge with negligible emphasis on ethical competencies. How far do you think has this approach resulted in increasing corruption in government?   Explain. (200 Words)

http://yojana.gov.in/CMS/(S(kdrn2245hrays345op0myc55))/pdf/Yojana/English/2014/Yojana%20March%202014.pdf

 

Topic: Accountability and ethical governance; Strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance;

11) In today’s society, greed is increasing being viewed as good and a necessary factor for development. Do you agree with this view? Critically analyse.  (150 Words)

General