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[Insights Secure – 2015] UPSC Mains Questions on Current Events, 14 January 2015

Archives – Secure 2015

14 January 2015

Tomorrow’s Topic for GS-1Fundamentals of Physical Geography, Class – XI, Units Three

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General Studies – 1

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography; Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, 

1) What do you understand by the continental drift theory ? What are the evidences in its support ? (200 Words)

NCERT

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography; Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, 

2)  What arguments can be put forward to support the concept of Sea Floor Spreading as proposed by Hess ? How does it differ from Continental Drift theory ? (200 Words)

NCERT

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography; Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, 

 3) Scientists believe that the Himalayas are still in the process of aggradation. Elucidate how Himalayas were formed in light of the theory of plate tectonics. (200 Words)

  NCERT

General Studies – 2

TopicIndia and its neighborhood- relations

4) Some foreign policy experts argue that Indonesia qualifies as India’s critical strategic partner in the region.  But in recent months it is being observed that Indonesia is forging close relationship with China rather than with India. Critically analyse why. (200 Words)

Business Standard

TopicIssues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Education

5) The Annual Status of Education Report (ASER), 2014, says only an average 48.1 per cent of Class V children across India can read a Class II-level text. From your own experience of school days, or from observations you might have made in your surroundings, critically comment on the reasons behind such low levels of learning outcomes in Indian schools. (200 Words)

The Hindu

General Studies – 3

TopicIssues related to Direct & Indirect farm subsidies ; PDS –objectives,functioning,limitations ,revamping;

6) Many arm chair experts believe that cash transfers is the magic bullet to solve poverty problem in India.  Explore the deficiencies in this approach. (200 Words)

The Hindu

Topicmoney-laundering and its prevention 

7) In your opinion, why does black money thrive in Indian economy? Explain the nature of black money that is circulated in India and examine if encouraging more and more cashless transactions will be effective in curbing its growth and circulation. (200 Words)

Business Standard

Topic: environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment;  changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

8) The latest proposed amendments to different environment and pollution related laws to ensure ‘ease of doing business’ for industries has given rise to concerns especially among environmentalists. Critically examine why. (200 Words)

Business Standard

Topic: Investment Models

9) Twelfth five year plan envisaged that nearly half of infrastructure projects in India would be funded in PPP mode. However recent evidence suggests falling interests of private players in many sectors. Comment. Also Suggest alternative mechanisms to fund infrastructure till the interest in PPP is revived. (200 Words)

Business Standard

Business Standard

General Studies – 4

TopicPublic/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration

10) As an IAS officer, you are posted as CEO of Zilla Panchayat. It’s just been two years since you completed your probationary period. As CEO you are in constant touch with senior bureaucrats in the Panchayat Raj and Rural Development department. The secretary of the department is known for his honesty and uprightness. However, the director of the department who is also a senior IAS officer is known for inefficiency and corruption. In one of your meetings with the director, he advises you to receive the bribe whenever it is offered to you. He tells you that saying no to bribe is akin to inviting trouble from some vested interests. He tries to convince you by saying that it is not morally wrong to receive when bribe is offered with good faith from ‘satisfied’ businessmen or a politician. However, in his opinion, it is morally wrong to demand bribe from someone whether rich or poor. He tells you that he and his wife, who is also an IAS officer have received so much in gifts and bribes that they and their grandchildren can lead a luxury life for generations. He says that they have never been caught by Lokayukta because they have never demanded bribe from anyone in their career, hence they have kept everyone happy. 

Critically analyse ethicality of statements made by the director of your department and explain what advice you would have given to an young IAS officer if you were in the director’s position. (250 Words)

The Hindu

Topic: Ethics in Human Actions; Strengthening of ethical & moral values in governance; Ethical Issues in international relations & funding

11)  a) “One man’s terrorist is another man’s freedom fighter.” Do you agree with this view ? Justify. (150 Words)

b) If it is unethical to sponsor terrorism in an enemy country, can outright war with a weaker enemy be considered as ethical ? Critically comment.  (150 Words)

The Hindu