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[Insights Secure – 2015] UPSC Mains Questions on Current Events, 29 December 2014

Archives – Secure 2014

Archives – Secure 2015

29 December 2014

 

Tomorrow’s Topic for GS – 1: NCERT Class XII, Themes in Indian History – II, Chapter – 5 and Chapter – 6

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General Studies – 1

Topic: Themes in Indian History – I, Class XII, Chapter Four

1) Discuss the development in sculpture and architecture associated with the rise of Vaishnavism and Shaivism. (200 Words)

Theme Four

2) Gandhara sculpture owed as much to the Romans as to the Greeks. Explain. (150 Words, CSE-14)

Theme Four

TopicImportant Geophysical phenomena 

3) It is being reported that many parts of North India are suffering from severe cold waves. Examine the causes and nature of these cold waves. (150 Words)

The Indian Express

General Studies – 2

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests

4) India is planning to sign  an inter-government agreement (IGA) with the US on the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (Fatca). But this has given raise to some concerns with regard to US policy on the issue at home. Examine why India wants to sign this agreement and its implications. (200 Words)

Business Standard

TopicWelfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health,

5) According to the Union Health and Family Welfare Ministry, 14,132 habitations in 19 States contain fluoride above the permissible levels. Critically examine the risks involved and steps taken by the government to address the issue. (150 Words)

The Hindu

General Studies – 3

TopicIssues relating to growth and development; Also interconnected to first few topics in Paper – 2

6) Institutions play critical role in growth and development process. In India, pre-liberalisation structures have not adequately adapted to new realities and requirements. Important post-liberalisation structures, meanwhile, clearly struggle to develop the capabilities needed to perform effectively in a rapidly evolving environment. Critically discuss issues related to these two sets of institutions and suggest what needs to be done. (200 Words)

Business Standard

TopicInfrastructure: Energy; Also – Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests

7) Indian nuclear reactors have been running below the capacity due to the mismatch of power and supply demand of uranium. Analyse why and explain what India has done to address this issue. (200 Words)

The Hindu

Topic: Infrastructure: Railways

8) The dynamic pricing of fares and the premium-rate Tatkal tickets introduced by the Indian railways has been unpopular for several reasons. Why this was introduced and why is this move unpopular? Examine. (150 Words)

The Hindu

Topic:  Disaster and disaster management

9) Advance warning is as important as disaster preparedness for calamities of huge magnitude such as tsunami and cyclones. In this regard, critically examine India’s preparedness and emerging challenges on this front. (150 Words)

The Hindu

Topic Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate 

10) “Leaving the current state of affairs to the outmoded colonial position of the CRPF Act makes it an unjust, arbitrary, unfair and discretionary process subject to bias and misuse.” In the light of accusations of mistreating CRPF forces, critically comment on the statement. (200 Words)

The Hindu

Topic:  ethics in private and public relationships

General Studies – 4

11) You are preparing for the civil services exam. Your close friend and your room-mate who belongs to a minority religious community is in love with a girl belonging to majority community. The girl also belongs to ‘higher’ caste. Your friend’s parents, who are very poor, are under the impression that their son is preparing seriously for the exam. They are unaware of his love affair. From your close interactions with your friend’s girlfriend you are aware that her parents would never let her marry outsdie their caste, leave alone outside their religion. Your friend, though in love, is seriously preparing for the exam. His love life has not affected his studies. However, one day an anonymous call to your friend threatens him with life if he doesn’t stop moving around with his girlfriend. This has disturbed him very much. Your friend doesn’t want his love affair to become known to anyone. Recently in the same locality a boy was murdered for marrying a girl belonging to majority community. There is real danger to your friend’s life if the issue becomes public. These  developments have affected your studies too. One your friends who is aware of these developments suggest you following options:

1) Ask your friend to move away from your room and let you focus on studies

2) Tell everything to your friend’s parents and ask them to do reprimand their son

3) File a police complaint regarding the threat call your friend has received and let the issue become public

4) Move away from your friend’s place and study in a new place

Please evaluate merits and demerits of each of these options also please indicate (without necessarily restricting to the above options) what course of action you would like to follow, giving proper reasons. (300 Words) 

The Indian Express