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[Insights Secure – 2015] UPSC Mains Questions on Current Events, 27 December 2014

Archives – Secure 2014

Archives – Secure 2015

27 December 2014

 

Monday’s Topic for GS – 1: NCERT Class XII, Themes in Indian History, Chapter – 4

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General Studies – 1

Topic: NCERT Themes in Indian History – I, Chapter – 2, Class XII

1) The sixth century BCE is often regarded as a major turning point in early Indian history. Examine why with suitable examples. (150 Words)

Chapter – 2

2) In what ways was the Buddhist theory of a social contract different from the Brahmanical view of society derived from the Purusha sukta? (150 Words)

Chapter – 3

TopicHistory of the world will include events from 18th century 

3) “The fall of the Berlin Wall and the end of the Cold War have only led to global instability.” Critically comment (200 Words)

Frontline

TopicImportant Geophysical phenomena 

4) The World Bank-funded hydrology project in some states in India was helpful in coping with flood related problems. What do you understand by hydrological data? Analyse why  reliable hydrological data is important in flood management. (200 Words)

The Hindu

Topicfactors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in
various parts of the world and India (Also part of paper-3:  bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights)

5) Changes in various policies related to trade and entry of multinational companies in the Indian pharmaceutical industry were initiated in the early 1970s. However, the pace of growth of this industry has shown a remarkable upswing only after 1991, and particularly after 2005. Critically examine which factors have been responsible for this growth. (200 Words)

Economic and Political Weekly (Download PDF now itself – it will expire in two weeks)

General Studies – 2

Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations

6) “Maldives is redefining democracy in a way similar to the version the Maumoon Abdul Gayoom presidency had in place for many decades before the country held its first multiparty presidential election in 2008.” In the light of recent developments in Maldives, critically comment on the statement. (200 Words)

Frontline

General Studies – 3

TopicAchievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology. 

7) An Indian origin scientist in USA has proposed that geoengineering of Eastern ghats can harness the full potential of moisture rich North Eastern Monsoons to solve the water scarcity problem in the peninsular India. What do you understand by geoengineering? Examine why North Eastern Monsoon brings less rainfall far below its actual potential and also critically discuss how geoengineering can solve the problem. (200 Words)

Frontline

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their effects in everyday life

8) What do you understand by antimicrobial resistance? Examine its health and economic costs on the world with special reference to India. (200 Words)

Down to Earth

Down to Earth – 2

TopicScience and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life; Food Processing industry

9) What are cryogenic fuels? Examine their importance and application in food processing industry. (150 Words)

Down to Earth

Topic: Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping;

10) Some analysts arguethat the public food supply chain for market intervention has a favourable impact on the cost-benefit ratio, poverty reduction, calorie consumption by the poor and productivity-led agricultural growth. In this regard, examine the reforms needed in the public food supply chain. (200 Words)

Economic and Political Weekly (Download PDF now itself – it will expire in two weeks)

General Studies – 4

TopicInformation sharing and transparency in government;  accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance;

11)  You are working as District Health Officer in a backward district. You are asked by the government to order all Primary Health Clinics (PHC) to conduct sterilization programmes to control births. In one of the camps, post – sterilization, ten women die due to some infections. Post-mortems reveal that the deaths were due to the infection cause due to use of non-sterilized instruments used during surgeries. You get a call from the Health Minister asking you to prepare a report blaming the deaths on contaminated medicines and to conclude that doctors or the government had no role in this tragedy. Even doctors from all PHCs contact you and request you to prepare a false report to save them and their families. Some of them also suggest you to falsify the post-mortem report so that the media never comes to know the truth. If you reveal the truth, the government has warned you that, all blame would be put on you and you will be sent to jail and the government wouldn’t defend you.

a) Examine the ethical issues involved in the above case. (100 Words)

b) What course of action will you take in this situation? Explore your options and explain which option you will choose and why. (150 Words)

Down to Earth