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Sociology-2014: Answer Writing Challenge – 18


22 September 2014

Answer in 250 words:

1) What argument are adduced by some authors to assert that the caste system is  peculiar only to India, and by some others to show that it is a universal phenomenon  observable in other parts of the world as well?
2) Some authors maintain that the caste system contributes to solidarity and harmony in  society, whereas some other think that it is an exploitative system. What are the grounds  for such divergent views?